everyday is Ashura every land is Karbala
Oct, 14 201914 Safar 1441

ام الأئمة فاطمة


أسماءُ فاطِمَةَ (عَلَيهَا الّسَلامُ) / Fatima (AS)’s Names

1ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) : إنَّما سُمِّيَت ابنَتي فاطِمَةُ لأنَّ اللّه‏َ عزّوجلّ فَطَمَها وفَطَمَ مَن أحَبَّها مِنَ النَّارِ.
1. The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘My daughter was named Fatima because Allah, Mighty and Exalted, has weaned her
[The Arabic root fa-Ta-ma, from which the name ‘Fatima’ is derived, means ‘to wean’ (ed.)] and weaned those who love her from the Fire.’
[Amali al-Tusi, p. 300]

2ـ الإمامِ الصادِق (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : لِفاطِمَةَ سَلامُ اللّه‏ِ عَلَيها تِسعَةُ أسماء عِندَ اللّه‏ِ عزّ وجلّ : فَاطِمَةُ وَالصِّديقَةُ والمُبارِكَةُ والطّاهِرَةُ و الزَّكيَّةُ والرَّضيَّةُ والمَرضيَّةُ والُمحَدَّثَةُ والزَّهراءُ.
2. Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘Fatima, salutations of Allah be upon her, has nine names before Allah: Fatima, al-Siddiqa (the veracious one), al-Mubarika (the blessed), al-Tahira (the clean), al-Zakiyya (the pure), al-Raziyya (the content), al-Marziyya (the one who pleases Allah), al-Muhadditha (the one who speaks to angels) and al-Zahra’ (the radiant one).’
[Amali al-Saduq, p. 474, no. 18]

ام الأئمة فاطمة


3ـ معاني الأخبار عن عَمَّارَة : سَألتُ أبا عَبدِ اللّه‏ِ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) عَن فاطِمَةَ لِمَ سُمِّيَت زَهراء ؟ فَقال : لأنَّها كانَت اذا قامَت في مِحرابِها زَهَر نورُها لأهلِ السَّماءِ كَما يَزهَر نورُ الكواكبِ لأهلِ الأرضِ.
3. `Ammara narrated, ‘I asked Aba `Abdillah
[al-Sadiq] (AS) as to why Fatima has been named al-Zahra’, to which he replied, ‘Because when she stood for prayers in her prayer niche, her light would radiate for the dwellers of the skies jut as the light of the stars radiates for the dwellers of the earth.’
[Ma`ani al-Akhbar, p. 64, no. 15]

فاطِمَةُ (عَلَيهَا الّسَلامُ) بَضعَةٌ مِنَ النَّبِيِّ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) / Fatima is a Part of the Prophet (SAWA)

4ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) : فاطمةُ بَضْعَةٌ مِنّي، مَن سَرَّها فقد سَرَّني ومَن ساءها فقد ساءني، فاطمةُ أعزُّ النّاسِ علَيَّ.
4. The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Fatima is a part of me - whoever pleases her pleases me, whoever grieves her grieves me. Fatima is the dearest of all people to me.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 43, p. 23, no. 17]

5ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) : إنّ فاطمةَ بَضْعةٌ مِنّي ، وهي نورُ عَيْني ، وثَمَرةُ فُؤادي ، يَسوؤني ما ساءها ، ويَسُرُّني ما سَرَّها ، وإنّها أوّلُ مَن يَلْحَقُني مِن أهلِ بيتي .
5. The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Verily Fatima is a part of me, and is the light of my eyes and the fruit of my heart, whatever grieves her grieves me, whatever pleases her pleases me, and indeed she will be the first to join me
[after my death] from my household.’
[Amali al-Saduq, p. 394, no. 18]

فاطِمَةُ (عَلَيهَا الّسَلامُ) سَيِّدَةُ نِساءِ العالَمينَ / Fatima is the Chief of the Women of the Universe

6ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) : ابنَتي فاطمةُ سيّدةُ نِساءِ العالَمينَ.
6. The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘My daughter Fatima is the chief of all the women of the universe.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 43, p. 22, no. 13]

7ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) : فاطِمَةُ سَيِّدَةُ نِساءِ أهلِ الجَنَّةِ.
7. The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Fatima is the chief of the women of Paradise.’
[Musnad Ahmad b. Hanbal, v. 3, p. 80]

8ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) : أمّا ابنَتي فاطمةُ فإنّها سيّدةُ نِساءِ العالَمينَ مِن الأوّلِينَ والآخِرِينَ.
8. The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘As for my daughter Fatima, she is the chief of the women of the world, from the first to the last.’
[Nur al-Thaqalayn, v. 1, p. 338, no. 135]

غَضَبُ اللّه‏ِ لِغَضَبِ فاطِمَةَ (عَلَيهَا الّسَلامُ) / Allah’s Anger for the sake of Fatima’s Anger

9ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) ـ لِفاطمةَ (عَلَيهَا الّسَلامُ) ـ : إنّ اللّه‏َ يَغضَبُ لِغَضَبِكِ ، ويَرضى لِرِضاكِ.
9. The Prophet (SAWA) said to Fatima (AS), ‘Verily Allah is angry at whatever angers you, and is pleased with whatever pleases you.’
[Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 37725]

في مُصيبَةِ فاطِمَةَ (عَلَيهَا الّسَلامُ) / In Mourning for Fatima (AS)

10ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ عِندَ دَفنِ فاطِمَةَ (عَلَيهَا الّسَلامُ) ـ : السَّلامُ عَلَيكَ يا رسولَ اللّه‏ِ عَنّي وَعَن اِبنَتِكَ النّازِلَةِ في جِوارِكَ وَالسَّريعَةِ اللَّحاقِ بِكَ. قَلَّ يا رسولُ اللّه‏ِ عَن صَفيَّتِكَ صَبري، وَرَقَّ عَنها تَجَلُّدي؛ إلّا أنَّ لي في التَّأسّي بِعَظيمِ فُرقَتِكَ وَفادِحِ مُصيبَتِكَ مَوضِعَ تَعَزٍّ ؛ فَلَقَد وَسَّدتُكَ في مَلحودَةِ قَبرِكَ، وَفاضَت بَينَ نَحري وَصَدري نَفسُكَ. فَإنّا للّه‏ِ وَإنّا إلَيهِ راجِعونَ . فَلَقَد استُرجِعَتِ الوَديعَةُ، وَأُخِذَتِ الرَّهينَةُ. أمّا حُزني فَسَرمَدٌ، وَأمّا لَيلي فَمُسَهَّدٌ إلى أن يَختارَ اللّه‏ُ لي دارَكَ الَّتي أنتَ بِها مُقيمٌ. وَسَتُنَبِّئُكَ ابنَتُكَ بِتَضافُرِ أُمَّتِكَ عَلى هَضمِها فَأحفِها السؤالَ وَاستَخبِرها الحالَ. هذا وَلَم يَطُلِ العَهدُ وَلَم يَخلُ مِنكَ الذِّكرُ. وَالسَّلامُ عَلَيكُما سَلامَ مُوَدِّعٍ‏ لا قالٍ ‏وَلا سَئِمٍ. فَإن‏ أنصَرِف فَلا عَن مَلالَةٍ، وَإن أُقِم فَلا عَن سوءِ ظَنٍّ بِما وَعَدَ اللّه‏ُ الصّابِرينَ.
10. Imam Ali (AS), when burying Fatima (SA) said, ‘O Prophet of Allah, peace be upon you from me and from your daughter, who is coming down to you and who has hastened to meet you. O Prophet of Allah, my patience with
[the demise of] your chosen one
[your daughter] has been exhausted, and my power of endurance has weakened, except that I have ground for consolation in having endured the great hardship and heart-rending event of your separation. I laid you down in your grave when your last breath had passed
[when your head was] between my neck and chest.
“…Indeed we belong to Allah, and to Him do we intend return.”
Now, the trust has been returned and what had been given has been taken back. As to my grief, it knows no bounds, and as to my nights, they will remain sleepless till Allah chooses for me the house in which you are now residing.
Certainly, your daughter would apprise you of the gathering of your community in oppressing her. You ask her in detail and get all the news about the situation. This happened when a long time had not even elapsed
[since your demise] and your remembrance had not yet ceased. My salutation be on you both, the salutation of one grief-stricken, not a disgusted or hateful person; for if I go away it is not because I am weary
[of you], and if I stay it is not due to lack of belief in what Allah has promised the endures.’
[Nahj al-Balagha, Sermon 202]

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