Knowledge gives life to the soul - Imam Ali
Nov, 14 20185 Rabi Al Awwal 1440


الأكل


FOOD




الحَثُّ عَلى قِلَّةِ الأكلِ / Little
[Consumption of] Food

1- رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) : مَنْ قَلَّ طُعْمُهُ صَحَّ بَطْنُهُ وَصَفَا قَلْبُهُ، وَمَنْ كَثُرَ طُعْمُهُ سَقُمَ بَطْنُهُ وقَسَا قَلْبُهُ.
1- The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘A man whose
[consumption of] food is little has a healthy stomach and a pure heart, and a man whose food is plenty has a sickly stomach and a hard heart.’
[Tanbih al-Khawatir, v. 1, p. 46]

2- الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : قِلَّةُ الأَكْلِ مِنَ العَفَافِ ، وَكَثْرَتُهُ مِنَ الإسْرَافِ.
2- Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Eating little is a sign of self-restraint, and eating a lot is a sign of wastefulness.’
[Mustadrak al-Wasail, v. 16, p. 213, no. 19634]

التَّحذيرُ عَن كَثرَةِ الأكلِ / Eating Excessively


الأكل


FOOD




3- رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) : مَا مَلأ آدَمِيٌّ وِعَاءً شَرَّاً مِنْ بَطْنِهِ.
3- The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Man cannot fill a container worse than his stomach.’
[Tanbih al-Khawatir, v. 1, p. 100]

4- رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) : لا يَدْخُلُ مَلَكُوتَ السَّمَاواتِ والأرْضِ مَنْ مَلَأ بَطْنَهُ.
4- The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘A man who fills his stomach will not enter the dominion of the heavens and the earth.’
[Ibid.]

5- رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) : إيَّاكُمْ وَفُضُولَ المَطْعَمِ ؛ فإنَّهُ يَسِمُ القَلْبَ بِالقَسوةِ ، وَيُبْطِئُ بِالجَوارِحِ عَنِ الطّاعَةِ، وَيُصِمُّ الهِمَمَ عَنْ سَمَاعِ المَوْعِظَةِ .
5- The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Be warned against excessive food, for it poisons the heart with hardness, slows the limbs in performing acts of obedience, and blocks the souls from hearing counsel.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 77, p. 182, no. 10]

6- الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : مَنْ كَثُرَ أَكْلُهُ قَلَّتْ صِحَّتُهُ ، وَثَقُلَتْ عَلى نَفْسِهِ مُؤْنَتُهُ .
6- Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘A man who eats excessively, his health declines and his burden becomes heavier than he can endure.’
[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 8903]

7- فيما نسب إلى الإمامِ الصّادقِ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ : لَيْسَ شَيْءٌ أضَرَّ على قلب المُؤْمِنِ مِنْ كَثْرَةِ الأكْلِ ، وَهِيَ مُورِثَةٌ لِشَيْئَيْنِ: قَسْوَةِ القَلْبِ ، وَهَيَجَانِ الشَّهْوَةِ .
7- Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Hunger and disease cannot coexist.’
[Mustadrak al-Wasail, v. 16, p. 222, no. 19652]

مِن مَساوِئِ البِطنَةِ / Among The Vices Of Gluttony

8- الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : لاَ تَجْتَمِعُ الفِطْنَةُ وَالبِطْنَةُ.
8- Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Astuteness and gluttony cannot coexist.’
[Ibid. v. 12, p. 94, no. 13615]

9- الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : إذَا مُلِئَ البَطْنُ مِنَ المُبَاحِ عَمِيَ القَلْبُ عَنِ الصَّلاَحِ.
9- Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘When the stomach is filled with
[even] permissible food, the heart becomes blind to goodness.’
[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 4139]

10- الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : الشِّبَعُ يُفسِدُ الوَرَعَ.
10- Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Overeating spoils piety.’
[Ibid. no. 659]

11- الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : نِعْمَ عَوْنُ المَعاصِي الشِّبَعُ.
11- Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Overeating is the greatest aid to acts of disobedience.’
[Ibid. no. 9922]

ميراثُ الجُوعِ / Hunger

12- رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) : طُوبَى لِمَنْ طَوَى وَجَاعَ وَصَبَرَ، اُولئكَ الّذِينَ يَشْبَعُونَ يَوْمَ القِيَامَةِ .
12- The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Applaud a man who abstains from food, sleeps hungry, and has patience. These are the ones who will be satiated on the Day of Judgment.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 75, p. 462, no. 17]

13- في حديثِ المعراج : قال
[رسولُ اللّه‏ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) ]: يا رَبِّ، مَا مِيراثُ الجُوعِ ؟ قال : الحِكْمَةُ ، وَحِفْظُ القَلْبِ ، والتَّقَرُّبُ إلَيّ ، والحُزْنُ الدّائمُ ، وَخِفَّةُ المَؤونَةِ بَيْنَ النَّاسِ ، وَقَوْلُ الحَقِّ ، وَلا يُبالِي عَاشَ بِيُسْرٍ أوْ بِعُسْرٍ.
13- In the Hadith of Miraj (The Prophet’s Ascension to the heavens), the Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘O Allah! What is the outcome of hunger?’ He said, ‘Wisdom, protection of the heart, drawing closer to Me, lasting sorrow, less burden on the people, telling the truth, and lack of concern whether one lives in wealth or poverty.’
[Ibid. v. 77, p. 22, no. 6]

14- الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : نِعْمَ العَوْنُ عَلى أسْرِ النَّفْسِ وَكَسْرِ عَادَتِها التَّجَوُّعُ .
14- Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘How good a helper hunger is at taming the self and breaking its habit.’
[Mustadrak al-Wasail, v. 16, p. 214, no. 19634]

15- الإمامُ الهاديُّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : السَّهَرُ ألذُّ لِلمَنَامِ ، والجُوعُ يَزِيدُ فِي طِيبِ الطَّعَامِ .
15- Imam al-Hadi (AS) said, ‘Lack of sleep sweetens sleeping and hunger increases the tastiness of food.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 78, p. 369, no. 4]

الميزانُ فِي الأكلِ / Balance Of Eating

16- رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) : كُلْ وَأنتَ تَشْتَهِي ، وَأمْسِكْ وَأنتَ تَشْتَهِي.
16- The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Eat when you desire and stop while you still desire.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 62, p. 290]

17- الإمامُ الرِّضا (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : مَنْ أرادَ أنْ يَكُونَ صَالِحا خَفِيفَ الجِسْمِ (وَاللّحْمِ) فَلْيُقَلِّلْ مِنْ عَشائِه بِاللَّيْلِ.
17- Imam al-Ridha (AS) said, ‘A man who wants to be healthy and have a light body must decrease his dinner.’
[Ibid. p. 324]

آدَابُ الأكلِ / Table Manners

18- رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) : مَنْ أكَلَ وَذُو عَيْنَيْنِ يَنْظُرُ إلَيْهِ وَلَمْ يُواسِهِ، ابْتُلِي بِدَاءٍ لاَ دَوَاءَ لَهُ.
18- The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘A man who is eating and is being watched by another, to whom he does not offer to share his food will be afflicted with an incurable disease.’
[Tanbih al-Khawatir, v. 1, p. 47]

19- رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) : المُؤْمِنُ يَأْكُلُ بشَهْوَةِ أهْلِهِ ، والمُنَافِقُ يَأْكُلُ أهْلُهُ بِشَهْوَتِهِ.
19- The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘The believer eats according to the desire of his family, while the hypocrite makes his family eat according to his own desires.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 62, p. 291]

20- الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : مَنْ ذَكَرَ اسْمَ اللّه‏ِ عِنْدَ طَعَامٍ أوْ شَرَابٍ فِي أوّلِهِ ، وَحَمِدَ اللّه‏َ فِي آخِرِهِ لَمْ يُسْألْ عَنْ نَعِيمِ ذلِكَ الطَّعَامِ أبَداً.
20- Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Whoever mentions the name of Allah at the beginning of
[eating his] food or drink and thanks Allah at the end will never be asked about the favor of this food.’
[Wasael al-Shi`aah , v. 16, p. 484, no. 5]

21- الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : ابْدَؤوا بِالمِلْحِ فِي أوَّلِ طَعَامِكُمْ ، فَلَوْ يَعْلَمُ النَّاسُ مَا فِي المِلْحِ لاخْتَارُوُهُ عَلَى الدِّرْيَاقِ المُجَرَّبِ .
21- Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Start with salt before you eat. If people knew what
[benefits] salt has, they would prefer it to tested medicine.’
[Ibid. p. 520, no. 3]

22- الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : أقِرُّوا الحَارَّ حَتّى يَبْرَدَ ، فإنَّ رَسُولَ اللّه‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) قُرِّبَ إلَيْهِ طَعَامٌ حَارٌّ فَقَالَ : أقِرُّوهُ حَتَّى يَبْرَدَ ، مَا كَانَ اللّه‏ُعزّ وجلّ لِيُطْعِمَنَـا النَّـارَ ، وَالبَرَكَةُ فِي البَارِدِ .
22- Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Set hot food aside until it cools off, for when the Prophet (SAWA) was given hot food, he said, ‘Set it aside until it cools down, for Allah, Mighty and Exalted, would not feed us fire when blessings lie with that which is cool.’
[al-Kafi, v. 6, p. 321, no. 1]

23- الإمامُ الحسنُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : فِي المَائدةِ اثْنَتَا عَشرَةَ خَصْلَةً يَجِبُ عَلى كُلِّ مُسْلِمٍ أنْ يَعْرِفَهَا : أرْبَعٌ مِنْها فَرْضٌ، وَ أرْبَعٌ سُنَّةٌ، وأرْبَعٌ تأدِيبٌ.
فَأمَّا الفَرْضُ : فَالمَعْرِفَةُ ، وَالرِّضَا ، وَالتَّسْمِيَةُ، وَالشُّكْرُ .
وَأمَّا السُّنَّةُ : فَالوُضُوءُ قَبْلَ الطَّعَامِ ، والجُلُوسُ عَلَى الجَانِبِ الأيْسَرِ ، والأكْلُ بِثَلاثِ أصَابِعَ، وَلَعْقُ الأصَابِعِ.
وَأمّا التَّأدِيبُ : فَالأكْلُ مِمَّا يَلِيكَ ، وَتَصْغِيرُ اللُّقْمَةِ ، وَتَجْوِيدُ المَضْغِ ، وَقِلّةُ النّظَرِ فِي وُجُوهِ النّاسِ.
23- Imam al-Hasan (AS) said, ‘There are twelve things that every Muslim should know about the table
[manners]; four are mandatory, four are recommended, and four are general manners. The mandatory are: knowledge
[of the food], to be content with it, mentioning the name of Allah
[before it], and offering thanks to Him
[afterwards]. The recommended acts are: ablution before eating, sitting on one’s left side, eating with three fingers, and licking the fingers
[after the meal]. And the general manners are: eating from the closest spot to you, taking small bites, chewing well, and rarely looking at people’s faces
[while eating].’
[Wasael al-Shi`aah , v. 16, p. 539, no. 1]

24- الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : مَنْ غَسَلَ يَدَهُ قَبْلَ الطَّعَامِ وَبَعْدَهُ بُورِكَ لَهُ فِي أوَّلِهِ وَآخِرِهِ ، وَعَاشَ مَاعَاشَ في سَعَةٍ، وَعُوفِيَ مِنْ بَلْوىً فِي جَسَدِهِ.
24- Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘He who washes his hands before and after eating will be blessed at the beginning and at the end of his food. As long as he lives, he will be in comfort, and he will be cured of the ills of his body.’
[al-Mahajjat al-Baydha, v. 3, p. 6]

25- الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ عن آبائهِ ^ في حديثِ مَناهي النّبيِّ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) ـ : ونَهَى أنْ يُنْفَخَ فِي طَعَامٍ أو شَرَابٍ.
25- Imam al-Sadiq (AS) narrated, on the authority of his fathers about the tradition entailing certain prohibitions of the Prophet (SAWA), ‘He prohibited blowing on food or drink.’
[Wasael al-Shi`aah , v. 16, p. 518, no. 1]

26- الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : لاَ تَدَعُوا آنِيَتَكُمْ بِغَيْرِ غِطَاءٍ ؛ فإنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ إذَا لَمْ تُغَطَّ الآنِيَةُ بَزَقَ فِيها، وَأخَذَ مِمَّا فِيهَا مَا شَاءَ.
26- Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘Do not leave your plates uncovered for Satan spits on uncovered plates and takes from them what he wants.’
[Mustadrak al-Wasail, v. 8, p. 295, no. 9485]

27- الإمامُ الكاظمُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ لَمّا سُئلَ عنِ السَّفْلَةِ ـ : الّذِي يَأْكُلُ فِي الأسْوَاقِ .
27- Imam al-Kazim (AS), when he was asked who the contemptible person was, replied, ‘The one who eats in the marketplaces.’
[Wasael al-Shi`aah , v. 16, p. 510, no. 1]

28- رُويَ: أطِيلُوا الجُلُوسَ عَلى المَوائِدِ؛ فَإنَّها أوْقَاتٌ لاَ تُحْسَبُ مِنْ أعْمارِكُمْ .
28- It is narrated in al-Ikhtisas: ‘Prolong your seating at the dinnertable, for these are times that will not
[need to] be accounted for as part of your lives.’
[al-Ikhtisas, p. 253]

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