Knowledge gives life to the soul - Imam Ali
Nov, 15 20186 Rabi Al Awwal 1440


النِّفاقُ


HYPOCRISY




النِّفاقُ / Hypocrisy

1ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): إنّ النِّفاقَ يَبدو لُمظَةً سَوداءَ، فكُلّما ازدادَ النِّفاقُ عِظَما ازدادَ ذلكَ السَّوادُ، فإذا استَكمَلَ النِّفاقُ اسوَدَّ القَلبُ.
1– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Hypocrisy appears as a black dot
[on the heart]. Whenever hypocrisy increases in magnitude that black dot increases, and when hypocrisy becomes complete the heart becomes black.’
[Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 1734]

2ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): النِّفاقُ أخو الشِّركِ.
2– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Hypocrisy is the brother of polytheism.’
[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 483]


النِّفاقُ


HYPOCRISY




3ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): ما أقبَحَ بالإنسانِ‏ظاهِراً مُوافِقاً، وباطِناً مُنافِقاً!
3– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘How hideous is the human being whose outer is agreeable while his inner is hypocritical.’
[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 9559]

4ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): نِفاقُ المَرءِ مِن ذُلٍّ يَجِدُهُ في نفسِهِ.
4– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘The hypocrisy of a person
[stems] from the inferiority he finds within himself.’
[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 9988]

صِفَةُ المُنافِقِ / The Description of a Hypocrite

5ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): المُنافِقُ مَن إذا وَعَدَ أخلَفَ، وإذا فَعَلَ أفشى، وإذا قالَ كَذَبَ، وإذا ائتُمِنَ خانَ، وإذا رُزِقَ طاشَ، وإذا مُنِعَ عاشَ.
5– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘A hypocrite is someone who when he makes a promise he does not fulfil it, when he does something
[bad], he discloses it, when he speaks he lies, when he is entrusted with something he betrays, when he is given sustenance he is fickle and thoughtless, and when he is deprived he spends
[more].’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 72, p. 207, no. 8]

6ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): المُنافِقُ يَملِكُ عَينَيهِ يَبكي كما يَشاءُ.
6– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘A hypocrite has control over his eyes, he cries whenever he wants to.’
[Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 854]

7ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): لِلمُنافِقينَ عَلاماتٌ يُعرَفونَ بِها: تَحِيَّتُهُم لَعنَةٌ، وطَعامُهُم نُهمَةٌ، وغَنيمَتُهُم غُلولٌ، لا يَقرَبونَ المَساجِدَ إلّا هُجراً، ولا يَأتونَ الصَّلاةَ إلّا دُبُرا، مُستَكبِرينَ لا يَألَفونَ ولا يُؤلَفونَ، خُشُبٌ باللَّيلِ سُخُبٌ بالنَّهارِ .
7– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Hypocrites have signs through which they are known: their greeting is cursing, their food is greed, their earnings are through breaches of trust, they do not come close to the mosques save with contempt, they only fulfil their prayers to flee
[from them],
[they are] haughty people who do not socialize and are not sociable, they are as wood in the night, loud in the day.’
[Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 862]

8ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مَن خالَفَت سَريرَتُهُ عَلانِيَتَهُ فهُو مُنافِقٌ كائناً مَن كانَ .
8– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘He whose inner is contrary to his outer is a hypocrite, no matter who he may be.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 72, p. 207, no. 8]

9ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): ما زادَ خُشوعُ الجَسَدِ على ما في القَلبِ فهُو عِندَنا نِفاقٌ .
9– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘When humbleness of the body supercedes that which is in the heart then in our view it is hypocrisy.’
[al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 396, no. 6]

10ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): المُنافِقُ إذا نَظَرَ لَها، وإذا سَكَتَ سَها، وإذا تَكَلَّمَ لَغا، وإذا استَغنى طَغا، وإذا أصابَتهُ شِدَّةٌ ضَغا، فهُو قَريبُ السُّخطِ بَعيدُ الرِّضا، يُسخِطُهُ علَى اللّه‏ِ اليَسيرُ، ولا يُرضيهِ الكثيرُ، يَنوي كثيراً مِن الشَّرِّ ويَعمَلُ بطائفَةٍ مِنهُ، ويَتَلَهَّفُ على ما فاتَهُ مِن الشَّرِّ كيفَ لَم يَعمَلْ بهِ!
10– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘A hypocrite, when he looks he is frivolous, when he is silent he forgets, when he speaks he prattles, when he becomes wealthy he tyrannizes, when hardship afflicts him he is treacherous, so he is close to discontentment and far from contentment. Minor things make him discontented with Allah, and he is never content, even with much. He intends to do a lot of evil and commits some of them, and he regrets the evil deeds that pass him by and how he did not manage to commit them.’
[Tuhaf al-`Uqoul, p. 212]

11ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لو ضَرَبتُ خَيشومَ المُؤمِنِ بسَيفي هذا على أن يُبغِضَني ما أبغَضَني، ولو صَبَبتُ الدُّنيا بِجَمّاتِها علَى المُنافِقِ على أن يُحِبَّني ما أحَبَّني، وذلكَ أنّهُ قُضِيَ فانقَضى على لِسانِ النَّبيِّ الاُمِّيِّ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ)، أنّهُ قالَ: يا عليُّ، لا يُبغِضُكَ مُؤمِنٌ، ولا يُحِبُّكَ مُنافِقٌ.
11– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘If I was to strike the tip of the nose of a believer with my sword to hate me with as much hatred as he can, and if I was to pour down the whole world onto a hypocrite to love me with as much love as possible,
[they would not be able to], and this is because of what has been destined, as this was passed on through the tongue of the unchooled Prophet (SAWA), saying, ‘ Ali, a believer can never hate you and a hypocrite can never love you.’
[Nahj al-Balagha, Saying 45]

12ـ الإمامُ زينُ العابدينَ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): المُنافِقُ يَنهى ولا يَنتَهي، ويأمُرُ بما لا يأتي، إذا قامَ في الصَّلاةِ اعتَرَضَ، وإذا رَكَعَ رَبَضَ، وإذا سَجَدَ نَقَرَ، وإذا جَلَسَ شَغَرَ، يُمسي وهَمُّهُ الطَّعامُ وهُو مُفطِرٌ، ويُصبِحُ وهَمُّهُ النَّومُ ولَم يَسهَرْ، إن حَدَّثَكَ كَذبَكَ، وإن وَعَدَكَ أخلَفَكَ، وإنِ ائتَمَنتَهُ خانَكَ، وإن خالَفتَهُ اغتابَكَ.
12– Imam Zayn al-Abidin (AS) said, ‘A hypocrite prohibits
[wrongdoing] but does not refrain from it himself, and he enjoins that which he does not do himself. When he prays he complains, when he bows (ruku`a) he slumps, when he prostrates (sujud) he pecks
[prostrating so fast], when he sits he spreads himself out, when he is going to bed his only concern is food even though he is full, and when he wakes up in the morning, his only concern is sleep even though he did not stay up during the night. When he speaks to you he lies, when he makes a promise he does not fulfil it, if you entrust him with anything he betrays it, and if you disagree with him he backbites you.’
[Amali al-Saduq, p. 399, no. 12]

13ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): أربَعٌ مِن عَلاماتِ النِّفاقِ: قَساوَةُ القَلبِ، وجُمودُ العَينِ، والإصرارُ علَى الذَّنبِ، والحِرصُ علَى الدُّنيا.
13– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘There are four signs to a hypocrite: hardheartedness, dryness of the eyes, persistence in sinning, and greed for the world.’
[al-Ikhtisas, p. 228]

أظهَرُ النّاسِ نِفاقاً / The Most Obvious Hypocrites

14ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): أظهَرُ النّاسِ نِفاقاً مَن أمَرَ بالطّاعَةِ ولَم يَعمَلْ بها، ونَهى عنِ المَعصيَةِ ولَم يَنتَهِ عنها.
14– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘The most obvious of hypocrites is he who enjoins acts of obedience but does not perform them himself, and prohibits wrongdoing but does not refrain from them himself.’
[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 3214]

15ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): أشَدُّ النّاسِ نِفاقاً مَن أمَرَ بالطّاعَةِ ولَم يَعمَلْ بها، ونَهى عَنِ المَعصيَةِ ولم يَنتَهِ عنها.
15– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘The most severe of hypocrites is he who enjoins acts of obedience, but does not perform them himself, and prohibits wrongdoing but does not refrain from them himself.’
[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 3309]

التَّحذيرُ مِنَ المُنافِقِ المِنطيقِ / Caution against the Eloquent Hypocrite

16ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): ولَقد قالَ لي رسولُ اللّه‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): إنّي لا أخافُ على اُمَّتي مُؤمِناً ولا مُشرِكاً، أمّا المُؤمنُ فيَمنَعُهُ اللّه‏ُ بإيمانِهِ، وأمّا المُشرِكُ فيَقمَعُهُ اللّه‏ُ بشِركِهِ، ولكنّي أخافُ علَيكُم كُلَّ مُنافِقِ الجَنانِ، عالِمِ اللِّسانِ، يقولُ ما تَعرِفونَ، ويَفعَلُ ما تُنكِرونَ.
16– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘The Prophet (SAWA) said to me, ‘With respect to my people, I am afraid neither of a believer nor of an unbeliever. As for the believer, Allah will afford him protection because of his belief and as for the disbeliever, Allah will humiliate him because of his disbelief. But I am afraid about every one from among you who is a hypocrite in his heart and eloquent of speech. He speaks what you hold to be good but does what you dislike.’
[Nahj al-Balagha, Sermon 68]

صِفَةُ حَشرِ المُنافِقينَ وعاقِبتُهُم / The Description of the Resurrection of Hypocrites and their End

17ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): يَجيءُ يَومَ القِيامَةِ ذو الوَجهَينِ دالِعا لِسانَهُ في قَفاهُ، وآخَرُ مِن قُدّامِهِ، يَلتَهِبانِ ناراً حتّى يُلهِبا جَسَدَهُ، ثُمّ يُقالُ لَهُ: هذا الّذي كانَ في الدُّنيا ذا وَجهَينِ وذا لِسانَينِ، يُعرَفُ بذلكَ يَومَ القِيامَةِ.
17– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘He
[the hypocrite] will come on the Day of Judgment with two faces and with his tongue hanging out from the back of his head, and with another tongue hanging in front. They will both be ignited with fire until they ignite his body, then it will be said about him: This is the one who was two-faced and two-tongued in the world, and he will be known as such on the Day of Resurrection .’
[al-Khisal, p. 38, no. 16]

18ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): ذو الوَجهَينِ في الدُّنيا يأتي يَومَ القِيامَةِ ولَهُ وَجهانِ مِن نارٍ.
18– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘A two-faced person in this world will come on the Day of Resurrection with two faces of fire.’
[al-Targhib wa al-Tarhib, v. 3, p. 603, no. 3]

ما يَذهَبُ بِالنِّفاقِ / What Eradicates Hypocrisy

19ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): الصَّلاةُ علَيَّ وعلى أهلِ بَيتي تَذهَبُ بالنِّفاقِ.
19– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Invoking blessings on me and my household takes away hypocrisy.’
[al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 492, no. 8]

20ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): ارفَعوا أصواتَكُم بالصَّلاةِ علَيَّ ؛ فإنّها تَذهَبُ بالنِّفاقِ.
20– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Raise your voices in invocation of blessings on me for it takes away hypocrisy.’
[al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 493, no. 13]

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