Knowledge gives life to the soul - Imam Ali
Wafat of Masumah-e-Qum (A.S.)
Nov, 13 2018
4 Rabi Al Awwal 1440


القَتلُ


KILLING




قَتلُ النَّفسِ / Killing a Soul
[i.e. a Human Being]

1ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): أعتَى الناسِ مَن قَتَلَ غيرَ قاتِلِهِ، أو ضَرَبَ غيرَ ضارِبِهِ.
1– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘The most aggressive of people is he who kills someone other than his killer, or strikes someone other than one who struck him.’
[Amali al-Saduq, p. 28, no. 4]

2ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): أوَّلُ ما يُقضى بينَ الناسِ يَومَ القِيامَةِ في الدِّماءِ.
2– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘The first thing that will be judged between people on the Day of Resurrection is the blood shed
[between them].’
[Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 39887]


القَتلُ


KILLING




3ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): لَزَوالُ الدنيا جَميعاً أهوَنُ علَى اللّه‏ِ مِن دَمٍ سُفِكَ بغيرِ حَقٍّ.
3– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘The eradication of the whole world is more insignificant for Allah than the blood that has been shed without right.’
[al-Targhib wa al-Tarhib, v. 3, p. 293, no. 6]

4ـ الإمامُ الرِّضا (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): حَرَّمَ اللّه‏ُ قَتلَ النفسِ لِعِلَّةِ فَسادِ الخَلقِ في تَحليلِهِ لو أحَلَّ، وفَنائهِم وفَسادِ التَّدبيرِ .
4– Imam al-Rida (AS) said, ‘Allah forbade the killing of human beings for the reason that creation would be corrupted were it to be permissible, and due to their annihilation and the chaos
[that would ensue].’
[al-Faqih, v. 3, p. 565, no. 4934]

قَتلُ المُؤمِنِ / Killing of a Believer

5ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): يا أيُّها الناسُ، أيُقتَلُ قَتيلٌ وأنا بَينَ أظهُرِكُم لا يُعلَمُ مَن قَتَلَهُ ؟! لو أنّ أهلَ السماءِ والأرضِ اجتَمَعُوا على قَتلِ رجُلٍ مُسلمٍ لَعَذَّبَهُم اللّه‏ُ بلا عَددٍ ولا حِسابٍ.
5– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘O people! Will a person be killed whilst I am among you, and it is not known whom the killer is?! If all the people of the heavens and the earth were to get together and kill a Muslim
[believer], Allah would punish them all without account and judgment.’
[Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 39952]

6ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مَن أعانَ على قَتلِ مؤمنٍ بشَطرِ كَلِمَةٍ لَقِيَ اللّه‏َ يَومَ القِيامَةِ مَكتوبٌ بينَ عَينَيهِ: آيِسٌ مِن رَحمَةِ اللّه‏ِ.
6– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Whoever helps in the killing of a believer even with a part of a word, he will meet Allah on the Day of Judgment with the following words written between his eyes: ‘Doomed from the mercy of Allah.’
[Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 39895]

7ـ الإمامُ الباقرُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَن قَتَلَ مُؤمنا مُتَعمِّدا أثبَتَ اللّه‏ُ تعالى علَيهِ جَميعَ الذُّنوبِ، وبَرِئَ المَقتولُ مِنها، وذلكَ قولُ اللّه‏ِ تعالى: «أُرِيدُ أن تَبُوأَ بِإثْمِي وإثْمِكَ فتَكونَ مِن أصْحابِ النّارِ».
7– Imam al-Baqir (AS) said, ‘Whoever intentionally kills a believer, Allah will affirm for him all the sins, and will acquit sins from the one he has killed. This is according to Allah’s verse in the Qur’an: “I desire that you earn
[the burden of] my sin and your sin, to become one of the inmates of the Fire”
[ Qur’an 5:29].’
[Thawab al-A’mal, p. 328, no. 9]

8ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ لمّا سُئلَ: المؤمنُ يَقتُلُ المؤمنَ مُتَعمِّداً هَل لَهُ تَوبَةٌ ؟ ـ: إن كانَ قَتَلَهُ لِإيمانِهِ فلا تَوبةَ لَهُ، وإن كانَ قَتَلَهُ لِغَضَبٍ أو لِسَبَبِ شيءٍ مِن أمرِ الدنيا فإنَّ توبَتَهُ أن يُقادَ مِنهُ .
8– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) was once asked, ‘A believer intentionally kills a believer, does he have the right to repent?’ The Imam replied, ‘If his killing him was due to his belief, then he does not have the right to repentance. But if he killed him due to anger or any other worldly reason, then his repentance is that he be killed for it.’
[al-Kafi, v. 7, p. 276, no. 2]

تَحريمُ قَتلِ الإنسانِ نَفسَهُ / The Prohibition of Suicide

9ـ الإمامُ الباقرُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إنّ المؤمنَ يُبتَلى بكُلِّ بَليَّةٍ ويَموتُ بكُلِّ مِيتَةٍ إلّا أنّهُ لا يَقتُلُ نفسَهُ.
9– Imam al-Baqir (AS) said, ‘A believer may be afflicted with all kinds of misfortunes, and may die in all sorts of ways, but he must not kill himself.’
[al-Kafi, v. 3, p. 112, no. 8]

10ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَن قَتَلَ نفسَه مُتَعمِّداً فهُو في نارِ جَهنَّمَ خالِداً فيها.
10– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘Whoever intentionally kills himself will dwell in the Hellfire forever.’
[al-Faqih, v. 4, p. 95, no. 5163]

Load More