everyday is Ashura every land is Karbala
Oct, 19 201919 Safar 1441



مُكافَأةُ الإحسانِ بِالإحسانِ / The Rewarding of Goodness with Goodness

1ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مَن آتاكُم مَعروفا فكافِئوهُ، وإن لَم تَجِدوا ما تُكافِئونَهُ فادْعوا اللّه‏َ لَهُ حتّى تَظُنّوا أنَّكُم قَد كافَيتُمُوهُ.
1– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Whoever does a good turn to you, recompense it, and if you do not find something to recompense it with, then pray to Allah for him until you think you have compensated him.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 75, p. 43, no. 8]

2ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ في بَيان الحُقوقِ ـ: ثُمّ جَعَلَ سُبحانَهُ مِن حُقوقِهِ حُقوقا افتَرَضَها لِبَعضِ النّاسِ عَلى بَعضٍ، فَجَعَلَها تَتَكافَأُ في وُجوهِها . ويُوجِبُ بَعضُها بَعضاً، ولا يُستَوجَبُ بَعضُها إلّا بِبَعضٍ .
2– Imam Ali (AS), in his exposition of rights, said, ‘…Then, from His right, He, glory be to Him, created certain rights for certain people over others. He made them so as to equate with one another. Some of these rights produce other rights, and some rights are such that they do not accrue except with others.’
[Nahj al-Balagha, Saying 216]



3ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): أطِلْ يَدَكَ في مُكافَأةِ مَن أحسَنَ إلَيكَ، فإن لَم تَقدِرْ فلا أقَلَّ مِن أن تَشكُرَهُ .
3– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Extend your hand in recompense to one who has done good to you, and if you cannot do so, then at least thank him.’
[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 2383]

4ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إذا حُيِّيتَ بِتَحِيَّةٍ فَحَيِّ بأحسَنَ مِنها، وإذا اُسدِيَت إلَيكَ يَدٌ فكافِئْها بِما يُربي عَليها، والفَضلُ مَعَ ذلكَ لِلبادِئِ.
4– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘If you are greeted with a salute then greet back with one better than it, and when a hand is extended towards you, return it with more that what it did; and the merit for this is with the initiator.’
[Nahj al-Balagha, Saying 62]

5ـ الإمامُ الكاظمُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): المَعروفُ غُلٌّ لا يَفُكُّهُ إلّا مُكافَأةٌ أو شُكرٌ.
5– Imam al-Kazim (AS) said, ‘The act of kindness is like shackles that cannot be unlocked except through recompense or thanks.’
[al-Durra al-Bahira, p. 34]

6ـ الإمامُ الكاظمُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ في قَولِه تَعالى: «هَلْ جَزاءُ الإحْسانِ إلّا الإحْسانُ» ـ: جَرَت في المُؤمِنِ والكافِرِ والبَرِّ والفاجِرِ، مَن صُنِعَ إلَيهِ مَعروفٌ فعَلَيهِ أن يُكافِئَ بهِ، ولَيسَتِ المُكافَأةُ أن تَصنَعَ كما صَنَعَ حتّى تَرى فَضلَكَ، فإن صَنَعتَ كما صَنَعَ فلَهُ الفَضلُ بِالابتِداءِ.
6– Imam al-Kazim (AS), with regards to Allah’s verse: "Is the requital of goodness anything but goodness?" said, ‘It means that among the believers, disbelievers, righteous and sinful, when good is done unto them they must recompense it. Recompense is not that you do what was done such that you see your own merit, for if you repay it exactly as he did unto you, he has the merit in being the initiator.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 78, p. 311, no. 1]

ما لا يَنبَغي فِي المُكافَأةِ / That Which Should Not Be Done in Recompensing

7ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): أقبَحُ المُكافاةِ المُجازاةُ بِالإساءَةِ.
7– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘The worst form of recompense is requital with bad.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 78, p. 53, no. 85]

8ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مِن كَمالِ الإيمانِ مُكافاةُ المُسيءِ بِالإحسانِ.
8– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘From the perfection of faith is to recompense the bad doer with goodness.’
[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 9413]

9ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَن كافَأ السَّفيهَ بِالسَّفَهِ فقَد رَضِيَ بِما اُتيَ إلَيهِ حَيثُ احتَذى مِثالَهُ .
9– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘Whoever recompenses a foolish person with foolishness has accepted what has come unto them, since they imitated that example.’
[al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 322, no. 2]

10ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَن أكرَمَكَ فأكرِمْهُ، ومَنِ استَخَفَّكَ فأكرِمْ نَفسَكَ عَنهُ.
10– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘Whoever is kind to you, be kind to them, and whoever belittles you be kind to yourself
[by ignoring him].’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 78, p. 278, no. 113]

ذَمُّ الانتِقامِ / The Censure of Revenge

11ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لا سُؤدُدَ مَع انتِقامٍ .
11– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘There is no glory with revenge.’
[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 10518]

12ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): التَّسَرُّعُ إلَى الانتِقامِ أعظَمُ الذُّنوبِ .
12– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Hastening to revenge is the greatest of sin.’
[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 6766]

13ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): أقبَحُ أفعالِ المُقتَدِرِ الانتِقامُ.
13– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘The worst action of an empowered person is revenge.’
[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 3003]

14ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) إنّ في التَّوراةِ مَكتوباً: يابنَ آدمَ... إذا ظُلِمتَ بِمَظلِمَةٍ فارضَ بِانتِصاري لَكَ؛ فإنَّ انتِصاري لَكَ خَيرٌ مِن انتِصارِكَ لِنفَسِكَ.
14– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘It is written in the Torah: O son of Adam…If you are oppressed with injustice then be content with My help for you, for My help for you is better than your help for yourself.’
[al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 304, no. 10]

كَما تَدينُ تُدانُ / As You Give So Shall You Get

15ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَن حَفَرَ بِئراً لِأخيهِ وَقَعَ فيها، ومَن هَتَكَ حِجابَ غَيرِهِ انْكَشَفَتْ عَوراتُ بَيتهِ.
15– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘He who digs a hole for his brother will fall in it himself, and he who exposes the veils of others, the shames of his own house will be exposed.’
[Tuhaf al-`Uqoul, p. 88]

16ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَن عابَ عِيبَ، ومَن شَتَمَ اُجيبَ، ومَن غَرَسَ أشجارَ التُّقى اجتَنى ثِمارَ المُنى.
16– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘He who mocks will be mocked, and whoever insults will be retorted to. He who sows trees of piety will reap fruits of goodness.’
[Kashf al-Ghummah, v. 3, p. 136]

17ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): كَما تَدينُ تُدانُ.
17– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘As you give so shall you get.’
[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 7208]

18ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): بَرُّوا آباءَكُم يَبَرَّكُم أبناؤكُم، وعِفّواً عَن نِساءِ النّاسِ تَعِفَّ نِساؤكُم.
18– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘Be good to your fathers and your children will be good to you, and restrain yourselves from other people’s women and your own women will be chaste.’
[Tuhaf al-`Uqoul, p. 359]

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