Knowledge gives life to the soul - Imam Ali
Nov, 14 20185 Rabi Al Awwal 1440


الكِبرُ


ARROGANCE




التَّحذِيرُ مِنَ الكِبرِ / Arrogance

1ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): فاعتَبِرُوا بما كانَ مِن فِعلِ اللّه‏ِ بإبليسَ، إذ أحبَطَ عَمَلَهُ الطَّويلَ وجَهدَهُ الجَهيدَ ... عن كِبْرِ ساعَةٍ واحِدَةٍ ! فمَن ذا بَعدَ إبليسَ يَسلَمُ علَى اللّه‏ِ بمثلِ مَعصيَتِهِ ؟!
1– Ali (AS) said, ‘Take lesson from what Allah did to Satan. He foiled his many deeds and his hardworking efforts…. for being arrogant for an instant! So, who will be saved from Allah with something like his sin?!’
[Nahj al-Balagha, Saying 192]

2ـ الإمامُ الباقرُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): ما دَخَلَ قَلبَ امرِئٍ شيءٌ مِن الكِبرِ إلّا نَقَصَ مِن عَقلِهِ مِثلُ ما دَخَلَهُ مِن ذلكَ، قَلَّ ذلكَ أو كَثُرَ.
2– Imam al-Baqir (AS) said, ‘If any amount of arrogance enters the heart of a person, it will only bring deficiency to the intellect with the same amount of what entered it, whether it be a little or a lot.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 78, p. 186, no. 16]


الكِبرُ


ARROGANCE




3ـ الإمامُ الصّادق (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَن بَرِئَ مِن الكِبرِ نالَ الكَرامَةَ .
3– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘Whoever is free from arrogance will obtain dignity.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 78, p. 229, no. 5]

4ـ الإمامُ الصّادق (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): الكِبرُ رِداءُ اللّه‏ِ، فَمَن نازَعَ اللّه‏َ شيئاً مِن ذلكَ أكَبَّهُ اللّه‏ُ في النّارِ .
4– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘Arrogance is the robe of Allah, and whoever wants to wrest Allah of any of it, Allah will throw him onto his face into the Hellfire.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 73, p. 215, no. 5]

تَفسيرُ الكِبرِ / The Explanation of Arrogance

5ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): يا أبا ذَرٍّ، مَن ماتَ وفي قَلبِهِ مِثقالُ ذَرَّةٍ مِن كِبرٍ لم يَجِدْ رائحَةَ الجَنَّةِ إلّا أن يَتوبَ قبلَ ذلكَ، فقالَ: يا رسولَ اللّه‏ِ، إني لَيُعجِبُني الجَمالُ حتّى وَدِدتُ أنَّ عِلاقَةَ سَوطي وقِبالَ نَعلي حَسَنٌ، فَهل يُرهَبُ على ذلكَ ؟ قالَ: كيفَ تَجِدُ قَلبَكَ ؟ قالَ: أجِدُهُ عارِفاً للحَقِّ مُطمَئنّاً إلَيهِ، قالَ: ليسَ ذلكَ بالكِبرِ، ولكنَّ الكِبرَ أن تَترُكَ الحَقَّ وتَتَجاوَزَهُ إلى غيرِهِ، وتَنظُرَ إلَى النّاسِ ولا تَرى أنَّ أحَداً عِرضُهُ كَعِرضِكَ ولا دَمُهُ كَدَمِكَ.
5– The Prophet (AS) said, ‘O Abu Dharr, whoever dies having an atom’s weight of arrogance in his heart will never smell the scent of Heaven unless he repents beforehand.’ Abu Dharr asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah, I am fond of beauty so much so that I wished that the handle of my cane and the lace of my sandal be beautiful. So, should I be afraid of this?’ He said, ‘How do you see your heart?’ Abu Dharr said, ‘I see it knowing the Truth, and certain of Him.’ He (SAWA) said, ‘That is not arrogance. Rather, arrogance is that you leave the Truth and exceed beyond Him to other than Him. You look at people and you do not see their honour as being like your honour or their blood like yours.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 77, p. 90, no. 3]

6ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): طَلَبتُ الخُضوعَ فما وَجَدْتُ إلّا بقبولِ الحقِّ، اقبَلُوا الحَقَّ، فإنَّ قبولَ الحقِّ يُبَعِّدُ مِن الكِبرِ.
6– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘I sought after humility and did not find it other than through accepting the truth. Accept the truth, for accepting the truth distances one from arrogance.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 69, p. 399, no. 91]

7ـ عبد الأعلى بن أعين: قالَ أبو عبدِ اللّه‏ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): قالَ رسولُ اللّه‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): إنَّ أعظَمَ الكِبرِ غَمصُ الخَلقِ وسَفَهُ الحَقِّ، قلتُ: وما غَمْصُ الخَلقِ وسَفَهُ الحَقِّ؟ قالَ: يَجهَلُ الحَقَّ ويَطعَنُ على أهلِهِ، فَمَن فَعَلَ ذلكَ فقد نازَعَ اللّه‏َ عَزَّوجلَّ رِداءَهُ.
7– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) narrated, ‘The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘The worst of arrogance is despising people and depreciating the truth.’ At this, `Aabd al-A`ala b. A`ayan asked, ‘And what is despising people and depreciating the truth?’ He said, ‘It is when one is ignorant of the truth and slanders its people, and whoever does this has wrested Allah of His robe.’
[al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 310, no. 9]

8ـ حفص بن غياثٍ عن الإمامِ الصّادقِ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَن ذَهَبَ يَرى أنَّ لَهُ علَى الآخَرِ فَضلاً فهُو مِن المُستَكبِرِينَ، فقلتُ لَهُ: إنّما يَرى أنَّ لَهُ علَيهِ فَضلاً بالعافيَةِ إذا رَآهُ مُرتَكِبا لِلمَعاصِي ؟ فقالَ: هَيهاتَ هَيهاتَ ! فَلَعَلَّهُ أن يكونَ قد غُفِرَ لَهُ ما أتى وأنتَ مَوقوفٌ مُحاسَبٌ، أما تَلَوتَ قِصَّةَ سَحَرَةِ موسى (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ).
8– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘Whoever thinks that he is superior to someone else is of the arrogant.’ Abu Hafs b. Ghiyath said, ‘I asked him:
[What if] one sees that they are superior in their being good when they see others committing sins?’ The Imam said, ‘Far from it, far from it! For maybe he has been forgiven for what he has done and whilst you will be stopped and held accountable. Have you not read the story of the magicians of Moses (AS) in the Qur’an?’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 8, p. 128, no. 98]

المُتَكَبِّرُ / An Arrogant Person

9ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): أمقَتُ النّاسِ المُتَكبِّرُ .
9– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘The most hateful of people are the arrogant.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 73, p. 331, no. 23]

10ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): إنَّ أبعَدَكُم يَومَ القِيامَةِ مِنّي الثَّرثارُونَ، وهُمُ المُستَكبِرُونَ .
10– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘The most distanced of you from me on the Day of Judgment will be the braggers, who are the arrogant.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 73, p. 232, no. 25]

11ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): عَجِبتُ لابنِ آدمَ ؛ أوَّلُهُ نُطفَةٌ وآخِرُهُ جِيفَةٌ، وهو قائمٌ بينَهُما وِعاءٌ للغائطِ، ثُمّ يَتَكبَّرُ!
11– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘How man surprises me! His origin is a sperm and his end is a carcass, and between these two he is a vessel for excrement, and he is still arrogant!’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 73, p. 234, no. 33]

12ـ رسولُ اللهِ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): ما تَكَبَّرَ إلّا وَضيعٌ.
12– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Only he who is vile is arrogant.’
[Ghurar al-Hikam, no 9467]

13ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): ما مِن رَجُلٍ تَكَبَّرَ أو تَجَبَّرَ إلا لِذِلَّةٍ وَجَدَها في نفسِهِ.
13– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘A person is arrogant or tyrannical only as a result of a
[source of] disgrace he has in himself.’
[al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 312, no. 17]

عِلاجُ الكِبرِ / Curing Arrogance

14ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): إنّهُ لَيُعجِبُني أن يَحمِلَ الرَّجُلُ الشَّيءَ في يَدِهِ يكونُ مُهنِئاً لأهلِهِ يَدفَعُ بهِ الكِبرَ عَن نفسِهِ.
14– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘I admire a man who brings something with his hands to please his family, which repels arrogance from himself.’
[Tanbih al-Khawatir, v. 1, p. 201]

15ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مَن حَلَبَ شاتَهُ ورَقَعَ قَميصَهُ وخَصَفَ نَعلَهُ وواكَلَ خادِمَهُ وحَمَلَ مِن سُوقِهِ، فَقَد بَرِئَ مِن الكِبرِ.
15– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Whoever milks his sheep, patches his own clothes, mends his own sandals, trusts his servants, and carries his own goods from the market is free from arrogance.’
[Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 7793]

16ـ إنّ النبيَّ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) خَرَجَ إلَى البَقيعِ فَتَبِعَهُ أصحابُهُ ‏فَوَقَفَ ‏وأمَرَهُم أن‏ يَتَقَدَّموا، ثُمّ ‏مَشى خَلفَهُم، فَسُئلَ عن ذلكَ فقالَ: إنّي سَمِعتُ خَفقَ نِعالِكُم، فَأشفَقتُ أن يَقَعَ في نفسِي شيءٌ مِن الكِبرِ.
16– Abu Umama said, ‘The Prophet (SAWA) left to go to Baqi`a and some of his companions followed him. He stopped and ordered them to proceed and he then walked behind them. He was asked about this, and he said, ‘I heard the beat of your sandals
[behind me] and feared that some arrogance would fall into my self.’
[Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 8878]

17ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لكنَّ اللّه‏َ يَختَبِرُ عِبادَهُ بأنواعِ الشَّدائدِ، ويَتَعبَّدُهُم بأنواعِ المَجاهِدِ، ويَبتَليهِم بِضُروبِ المَكارِهِ، إخراجاً للتَّكَبُّرِ مِن قُلوبِهِم، وإسكانا للتَّذَلُّلِ في نُفوسِهِم، ولِيَجعَلَ ذلكَ أبواباً فُتُحاً إلى فَضلِهِ .
17– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘…But Allah tests His worshippers with many different hardships, He makes them engage in different struggles, and He makes them undergo multiple misfortunes. All this in order to extract arrogance from their hearts, to establish humbleness in their selves, and to make them open the doors to His Grace.’
[Nahj al-Balagha, Sermon 192]

18ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): فَرَضَ اللّه‏ُ الإيمانَ تَطهيراً مِن الشِّركِ، والصلاةَ تَنزيهاً عنِ الكِبرِ.
18– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Allah obligated faith as purification from polytheism, and prayer as chastisement from arrogance.’
[Nahj al-Balagha, Saying 252]

19ـ الإمامُ الحسنُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لا يَنبغي لِمَن عَرَفَ عَظَمَةَ اللّه‏ِ أن يَتَعاظَمَ، فإنّ رِفعَةَ الذينَ يَعلَمونَ عَظَمَةَ اللّه‏ِ أن يَتَواضَعُوا، و (عِزَّ) الذينَ يَعرِفُونَ ما جَلالُ اللّه‏ِ أن يَتَذَلَّلُوا (لَهُ).
19– Imam Hasan (AS) said, ‘It is not appropriate for he who knows the magnitude of Allah to be haughty, for the glory of those who know the magnitude of Allah is that they become humble, and the honour of those who know the Majesty of Allah is that they humiliate themselves to Him.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 78, p. 104, no. 3]

ثَمَرَةُ الكِبرِ / The Outcome of Arrogance

20ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مَن يَستَكبِرْ يَضَعْهُ اللّه‏ُ.
20– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Whoever is arrogant, Allah degrades him.’
[Amali al-Saduq, p. 395, no. 1]

21ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): الحِرصُ والكِبرُ والحَسَدُ دَواعٍ إلَى التَّقحُّمِ في الذُّنوبِ.
21– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Greed, arrogance, and jealousy are all motives for falling into sins.’
[Nahj al-Balagha, Saying 371]

22ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لَيسَ لِمُتَكبِّرٍ صَديقٌ.
22– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘An arrogant person has no friend.’
[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 7464]

23ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لا يَتَعَلَّمُ مَن يَتَكَبَّرُ .
23– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘He who behaves arrogantly will never learn.’
[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 10586]

24ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَن تَكَبَّرَ علَى النّاسِ ذَلَّ .
24– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘He who behaves arrogantly with people is degraded.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 77, p. 235, no. 3]

25ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لا يَطمَعَنَّ ذو الكِبرِ في الثَّناءِ الحَسَنِ .
25– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘An arrogant person should not avidly expect good praises.’
[al-Khisal, p. 434, no. 20]

26ـ الإمامُ الكاظمُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إنّ الزَّرعَ يَنبُتُ في السَّهلِ ولا يَنبُتُ في الصَّفا، فكذلكَ الحِكمَةُ تَعمُرُ في قَلبِ المُتَواضِعِ ولا تَعمُرُ في قَلبِ المُتَكبِّرِ الجَبّارِ ؛ لِأنَّ اللّه‏َ جَعَلَ التَّواضُعَ آلةَ العَقلِ، وجَعَلَ التَّكبُّرَ مِن آلةِ الجَهلِ، ألَم تَعلَمْ أنّ مَن شَمَخَ إلَى السَّقفِ برأسِهِ شَجَّهُ، ومَن خَفَضَ رأسَهُ استَظَلَّ تَحتَهُ وأكَنَّهُ؟! وكذلكَ مَن لم يَتَواضَعْ للّه‏ِِ خَفَضَهُ اللّه‏ُ، ومَن تَواضَعَ للّه‏ِِ رَفَعَهُ.
26– Imam al-Kazim (AS) said, ‘A plant grows in a plain-levelled land and does not grow in a hard rocky place. The same goes for wisdom, as it grows in the humble heart and does not grow in the arrogant haughty heart; for Allah has made humbleness the tool for the intellect, and made arrogance the tool for ignorance. Do you not know that he who turns his head up towards the ceiling will break it, and he who lowers his head will be shaded and sheltered underneath it?! Thus, Allah will abase one who is not humble before Him, and Allah will elevate whoever is humble for Him.’
[Tuhaf al-`Uqoul, p. 396]

مَثوَى المُتَكَبِّرينَ / The Abode of the Arrogant

27ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إنّ في جَهنَّمَ‏ لَوادِياً لِلمُتَكبِّرِينَ يقالُ لَهُ سَقَرُ، شَكا إلَى اللّه‏ِ عَزَّوجلَّ شِدَّةَ حَرِّهِ وسَألَهُ أن يَأذَنَ لَهُ أن يَتَنَفَّسَ، فَتَنَفَّسَ فَأحرَقَ جَهَنَّمَ.
27– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘In Hell there is a valley by the name of Saqar reserved for the arrogant, and it complained to Allah about the extremity of its heat and asked Him to be permitted to breathe. So it breathed and ignited Hell.’
[al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 310, no. 10]

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