Knowledge gives life to the soul - Imam Ali
Wafat of Masumah-e-Qum (A.S.)
Nov, 13 2018
4 Rabi Al Awwal 1440


الإنفاقُ


SPENDING (IN CHARITY)




الإنفاقُ / Spending

1ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): أرضُ القِيامَةِ نارٌ ما خَلا ظِلَّ المُؤمِنِ ؛ فإنَّ صَدَقَتَهُ تُظِلُّهُ.
1– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘The ground on the Day of Judgment will be fire except for the shadow of the believer, for his charity will shade him.’
[al-Kafi, v. 4, p. 3, no. 6]

2ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مَن أعطى دِرهَما في سَبيلِ اللّه‏ِ كَتَبَ اللّه‏ُ لَهُ سبعَمِائةِ حَسَنَةٍ .
2– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Whoever gives a dirham in the path of Allah, Allah will write for him five hundred merits.’
[Amali al-Saduq, p. 183, no. 306]


الإنفاقُ


SPENDING (IN CHARITY)




3ـ قال رسولُ اللّه‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) لأصحابِهِ ـ: أيُّكُم مالُ وارِثهِ أحَبُّ إلَيهِ مِن مالِهِ ؟ قالوا: يا رسولَ اللّه‏ِ، ما مِنّا أحدٌ إلّا مالُهُ أحَبُّ إلَيهِ مِن مالِ وارِثِهِ. قالَ: فإنَّ مالَهُ ما قَدَّمَ، ومالَ وارِثِهِ ما أخَّرَ .
3– The Prophet (SAWA) said to his companions, ‘Which of you loves the money of his heirs more than his own money?’ They said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, we all love our own money more than the money of our heirs.’ He said, ‘One’s own money is that which is put forward and the money of one’s heir
[i.e. that which we save and not spend in charity] is that which is delayed.’
[al-Targhib wa al-Tarhib, v. 2, p. 50, no. 8]

4ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): طُوبى لِمَن أنفَقَ الفَضلَ مِن مالِهِ وأمسَكَ الفَضلَ مِن كلامِهِ.
4– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Blessings be upon he who spends the excess of his money and guards the excess of his speech.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 96, p. 117, no. 9]

5ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إنّكُم أغبَطُ بما بَذَلتُم مِن الرّاغِبِ إلَيكُم فيما وَصَلَهُ مِنكُم.
5– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘You should be more overjoyed for what you have given away than the one who asked you for what you have given him.’
[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 3834]

6ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ في وصيَّتِهِ لابنهِ الحسنِ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ: إنّما لكَ مِن دُنياكَ ما أصلَحتَ بهِ مَثواكَ، فأنفِقْ في حَقٍّ ولا تَكُن خازِناً لِغَيرِكَ.
6– Imam Ali (AS), in his will to his son al-Hasan (AS) said, ‘You have in your world that with which you can reform your
[eternal] abode, so spend rightfully and do not be a storage place for others
[’s dues].’
[Tuhaf al-`Uqoul, p. 83]

7ـ الإمامُ الباقرُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لا تُعطي العَطيَّةَ تَلتَمِسُ أكثَرَ مِنها.
7– Imam al-Baqir (AS) said, ‘Do not give a donation expecting something more than it
[in return].’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 96, p. 144, no. 13]

8ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَلعونٌ مَلعونٌ مَن وَهَبَ اللّه‏ُ لَه مالاً فلَم يَتَصَدَّقْ مِنهُ بشيءٍ .
8– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘Cursed! Cursed is he whom Allah has endowed with wealth and he does not donate any of it.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 96, p. 133, no. 67]

وَعدُ اللهِ بِالخَلفِ فِي الإنفاقِ / Allah's Promise to Repay Spending in His Way

9ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): ما نَقَصَ مالٌ مِن صَدَقَةٍ قَطُّ، فأعطُوا ولا تَجبُنوا .
9– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Absolutely no wealth will ever decrease as a result of charity, so give and do not be cowardly.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 96, p. 131, no. 62]

10ـ عن عائشة: أنّهُم ذَبَحوا شاةً، فقالَ النَّبيُّ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): ما بَقِيَ ؟ فقالَت: ما بَقِيَ مِنها إلّا كَتِفُها، قالَ
[ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) ]: بَقِيَ كلُّها غيرَ كَتِفِها.
10– Aisha said, ‘They slaughtered a sheep
[to distribute its meat]’. The Prophet (SAWA) asked, ‘Is there any of it remaining?’ She said, ‘Nothing remains other than its shoulder.’ He (SAWA) said, ‘All of it remains
[forever] other than its shoulder.’
[Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 16150]

11ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَن أيقَنَ بالخَلَفِ جادَ بالعَطيَّةِ.
11– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘He who is certain of the repayment is generous with giving.’
[Nahj al-Balagha, Saying 138]

12ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): أنفِقْ وأيقِنْ بالخَلَفِ.
12– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘Spend and be certain of being repaid.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 96, p. 130, no. 57]

13ـ عن رجلٍ من أصحابِ الإمامِ الصّادقِ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): قلتُ لأبي عبدِ اللّه‏ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): ... قولُهُ تعالى: «وما أنفَقْتُم من شيء فهو يخلفه ...» فَأراني اُنفِقُ ولا أرى خَلَفاً! قالَ: أفَتَرَى اللّه‏َ أخلَفَ وَعدَهُ؟! قلتُ: لا، قالَ: فمِمَّ ؟ قُلتُ: لا أدري، قالَ: لَو أنّ أحَدَكُمُ اكتَسَبَ المالَ مِن حِلِّهِ وأنفَقَهُ في حَقِّهِ لَم يُنفِقْ دِرهَماً إلّا أخلَفَ اللّه‏ُ علَيهِ.
13– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said to a person who claimed contrary to Allah’s verse in the Qur’an: "whatever you may spend…" that he donates but does not see any repayment’ - ‘Have you ever seen Allah not fulfil His promise?’ I said, ‘No.’ He asked, ‘Then why do you say this?’ I said, ‘I do not know.’ He said, ‘If any of you acquires legitimate wealth and spends it rightfully, then he will not spend a single dirham without Allah repaying it.’
[Makarim al-Akhlaq, v. 2, p. 21, no. 2053]

14ـ الإمامِ الصّادقِ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إنّ الصَّدَقَةَ تَقضي الدَّينَ وتَخلُفُ بالبَركَةِ.
14– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘Charity fulfils the repayment of debts and brings about blessings.’
[al-Kafi, v. 4, p. 9, no. 1]

الإنفاقُ بِما تُحبُّ / Spending Out of What You Love

15ـ عن أبي الطُّفَيلِ: اشتَرى عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ثَوباً فأعجَبَهُ فتَصَدَّقَ بهِ .
15– Abu al-Tufayl said, ‘ Ali (AS) bought a piece of clothing and liked it, so he gave it away in charity.’
[Majma`a al-Bayan, v. 2, p. 792]

16ـ وقَد قيلَ لِلإِمامِ الصّادقِ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ)، وكانَ يَتَصَدَّقُ بالسُّكَّرِ، أتَتَصَدَّقُ بالسُّكّرِ؟! ـ: نَعَم، إنّهُ لَيس شَيءٌ أحَبَّ إلَيَّ مِنهُ، فأنا اُحِبُّ أن أتَصَدَّقَ بأحَبِّ الأشياءِ إلَيَّ.
16– Imam al-Sadiq (AS), when someone saw him donating sugar, and asked him 'Do you give sugar as charity?', replied, ‘Yes, there is nothing I love more than it, and I love to donate the thing that I love the most.’
[al-Kafi, v. 4, p. 61, no. 3]

مَن لَم يُنفِق في طاعَةِ اللّه‏ِ يُنفِق في مَعصِيَتِهِ / He who does not Spend in Obedience of Allah Spends in His Disobedience

17ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مَن مَنَعَ مالَهُ مِن الأخيارِ اختِياراً صَرَفَ‏اللّه‏ُ مالَهُ إلَى‏الأشرارِ اضطِراراً.
17– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Whoever withholds his wealth from the righteous discriminatingly, Allah will forcefully distribute his wealth to the evil.’
[Jami`a al-Akhbar, p. 505, no. 1395]

18ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): ما مِن عَبدٍ يَمنَعُ دِرهَماً في حَقِّهِ إلّا أنفَقَ اثنَينِ في غَيرِ حَقِّهِ.
18– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘No sooner does a servant withhold the spending of a dirham in its rightful place than he will end up spending two dirhams outside of its rightful place.’
[al-Kafi, v. 3, p. 503, no. 7]

19ـ الإمامُ الكاظمُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إيّاكَ أن تَمنَعَ في طاعَةِ اللّه‏ِ، فتُنفِقَ مِثلَيهِ في مَعصيَةِ اللّه‏ِ.
19– Imam al-Kazim (AS) said, ‘Beware of withholding
[charity] in the obedience of Allah, for you will spend twice its amount in disobeying Him.’
[Tuhaf al-`Uqoul, p. 408]

فَضلُ إنفاقِ المُقتِرِ / The Virtue of the Charity given by one who is Himself Straitened

20ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): ثَلاثَةٌ مِن حَقائقِ الإيمانِ: الإنفاقُ مِن الإقتارِ، وإنصافُكَ النّاسَ مِن نَفسِكَ، وبَذلُ العِلمِ لِلمُتَعلِّمِ.
20– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘There are three things that constitute the realities of faith: the charity given by a person who is himself straitened, your fairness towards people in spite of yourself, and spreading knowledge to those who seek it.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 77, p. 52, no. 3]

21ـ الإمامُ زينُ العابدينَ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إنّ مِن أخلاقِ المُؤمنِ الإنفاقَ على قَدرِ الإقتارِ.
21– Imam Zayn al-Abidin (AS) said, ‘Among the moral virtues of a believer is spending
[in charity] in spite of being poor himself.’
[Tuhaf al-`Uqoul, p. 282]

مَن لا تُقبَلُ نَفَقتُهُ / Those who’s Spending
[in Charity] is not Accepted

22ـ الإمامُ الباقرُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ لَمّا سُئلَ عن قولهِ تعالى: «ولا تَيَمَّمُوا الخَبيثَ مِنْهُ تُنْفِقونَ» ـ: كانَ النّاسُ حينَ أسلَموا عِندَهُم مَكاسِبُ مِن الرِّبا ومِن أموالٍ خَبيثَةٍ، فكانَ الرّجُلُ يَتعَمَّدُها مِن بَينِ مالِهِ فتَصَدّقَ بها، فنهاهُمُ اللّه‏ُ عَن ذلكَ، وإنّ الصَّدَقَةَ لا تَصلُحُ إلّا مِن كَسبٍ طَيِّبٍ.
22– Imam al-Baqir (AS), when he was asked about Allah’s verse in the Qur’an: "and do not be of the mind to give the bad part of it"
[ Qur’an 2:267], said, ‘When people became Muslims, they had earnings from usury and from unlawful dealings, and a man would mix it in with his money and donate from it. So, Allah prohibited them from doing so, and charity is only correct
[when given] out of pure earnings.’
[Tafsir al-`Aayyashi, v. 1, p. 149, no. 492]

23ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لَو أنَّ النّاسَ أخَذوا ما أمَرَهُمُ اللّه‏ُ بهِ فأنفَقوهُ فيما نَهاهُم عَنهُ ما قَبِلَهُ مِنهُم، ولو أخَذوا ما نَهاهُمُ اللّه‏ُ عَنهُ فأنفَقوهُ فيما أمَرَهُمُ اللّه‏ُ بهِ ما قَبِلَهُ مِنهُم ؛ حتّى يأخُذوهُ مِن حَقٍّ ويُنفِقوهُ في حَقٍّ.
23– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘If people were to earn whence Allah has ordered them to and spend it in that which He has forbidden, then He will not accept it from them. And if they earn what Allah has prohibited them from and spend it in that which He has ordered them to, He will not accept it from them either unless they take it from its rightful place and spend it in its rightful place.’
[al-Faqih, v. 2, p. 57, no. 1694]
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