Knowledge gives life to the soul - Imam Ali
Wafat of Masumah-e-Qum (A.S.)
Nov, 13 2018
4 Rabi Al Awwal 1440


النّافِلَةُ


SUPEREROGATORY PRAYERS




النّافِلَةُ / Supererogatory prayers

1ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): إنّ لِلقُلوبِ إقبالاً وإدبارا، فإذا أقبَلَت فتَنَفَّلوا، وإذا أدبَرَت فعلَيكُم بالفَريضَةِ.
1– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Hearts have
[the capacity to] incline
[to worship] and to retract, so when they incline then perform the supererogatory, and when they retract then observe the obligatory.’
[al-Kafi, v. 3, p. 454, no. 16]

2ـ عن الفُضَيل: سألتُ أبا جعفرٍ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) عن قَولِ اللّه‏ِ عَزَّوجلَّ: «الّذينَ هُمْ على صَلَواتِهِمْ يُحافِظونَ» قالَ: هِي الفَريضَةُ . قلتُ: «الّذينَ هُمْ على صَلاتِهِمْ دائِمونَ» قالَ: هِيَ النّافِلَةُ.
2– Al-Fuzayl said, ‘I asked Abu Ja`afar
[al-Baqir] (AS) about Allah’s verse in the Qur’an: "and those who are watchful of their prayers."1330. He said, ‘These are the obligatory prayers.’ I asked, "those who are persevering in their prayers."1331? He said, ‘They are the supererogatory prayers.’
[al-Kafi, v. 3, p. 369, no. 12]

تَقديمُ الفَرائِضِ عَلَى النَّوافلِ / Precedence of the Obligatory Prayers over the Supererogatory


النّافِلَةُ


SUPEREROGATORY PRAYERS




3ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لا رُخصَةَ في فَرضٍ، ولا شِدَّةَ في نافِلَةٍ.
3– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘There is no leniency with respect to the obligatory, and there is no hardship
[imposed] with respect to the supererogatory.’
[Bashara al-Mustafa, p. 28]

4ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إذا أضَرَّتِ النَّوافِلُ‏بالفَرائضِ فارْفُضوها.
4– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘When the supererogatory prayers harm the obligatory ones then leave them.’
[Nahj al-Balagha, Saying 279]

5ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لا قُربَةَ بالنَّوافِلِ إذا أضَرَّت بالفَرائضِ.
5– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘There is no proximity
[to Allah] achieved with the supererogatory if they affect the obligatory
[prayers] adversely.’
[Nahj al-Balagha, Saying 39]
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