Knowledge gives life to the soul - Imam Ali
Wafat of Masumah-e-Qum (A.S.)
Nov, 13 2018
4 Rabi Al Awwal 1440


السَّرِقةُ


STEALING




السَّرِقةُ / Stealing

1- الإمامُ الرِّضا عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: حَرَّمَ اللّه السَّرِقَةَ لِما فِيه
[ا] مِن فَسادِ الأموالِ وقَتلِ النَّفسِ لَو كانَت مُباحَةً، ولِما يَأتي في التَّغاصُبِ مِنَ القَتلِ والتَّنازُعِ والتَّحاسُدِ، وما يَدعُو إلى تَركِ التِّجاراتِ والصِّناعاتِ في المَكاسِـبِ، واقتِناءِ الأموالِ إذا كانَ الشَّيءُ المُقتَنى لا يكونُ أحَدٌ أحَقَّ بهِ مِن أحَدٍ . وعِلَّةُ قَطعِ الَيمينِ مِنَ السّارِقِ؛ لأ نّهُ يُباشِرُ الأشياءَ بِيَمِينِهِ، وهِي أفضَلُ أعضائهِ وأنفَعُها لَهُ، فَجُعِلَ قَطعُها نَكالاً وعِبرَةً لِلخَلقِ لِئلاّ يَبتَغُوا أخذَ الأموالِ مِن غَيرِ حِلِّها، ولأ نّهُ أكثَرَ ما يُباشِرُ السَّرِقَةَ بيَمينِهِ.
1. Imam al-Riza (AS) said, 'Allah has prohibited stealing because of the financial corruption and murder that would ensue were it to be permissible; and because of all other aggressive crimes that would result such as murder, fighting, and jealous hostilities, and because it would lead to the abandonment of fair trade and industry for earning a living, in exchange for extortion of property where nobody would have rightful ownership of anything
[and everything was available for the taking].’
And the reason why the right hand of the thief is to be severed
[as punishment] is because he steals things with his right hand, and because it is the best and most useful limb out of all his limbs, so its severing has been prescribed to serve as a deterrent and a lesson to mankind that they must not desire to seize anything that does not belong to them. And because most of the time the theft is committed with the right hand.’
[Nur al-Thaqalayn, v. 1, p. 627, no. 183]


السَّرِقةُ


STEALING




3- الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ في رجُلٍ اختَلَسَ دُرَّةً مِن اُذُنِ جاريَةٍ : هذِهِ الدَّغارَةُ المُعلَنَةُ، فَضَرَبَهُ وحَبَسَهُ.
3. Imam Ali (AS) said in reference to a man who pilfered a pearl from a girl's earring, 'This is a sneaky theft committed overtly', then beat him and imprisoned him.’
[al-Kafi, v. 7, p. 226, no. 7]

4- الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: أربَعةٌ لا قَطعَ علَيهِم: الُمختَلِسُ، والغُلُولُ، ومَن سَرَقَ مِنَ الغَنيمَةِ، وسَرِقَةُ الأجيرِ؛ فإنّها خِيانَةٌ.
4. Imam Ali (AS) said, 'There are four types of thieves who are not liable to having their hands cut: the pilferer, the fraudster, the one who steals war booty, and the employee who thieves, for these are all acts of deceit.’
[al-Kafi, v. 7, p. 226, no. 6]

5- الإمامُ الباقرُ أو الإمامُ الصّادقُ عَلَيهِمَا السَّلامُ: لا يُقطَعُ إلاّ مَن نَقَبَ بَيتا أو كَسَرَ قُفلاً.
5. Imam al-Baqir and Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, 'Only the thief who breaks into a house or breaks a lock is liable to have his hand cut.’
[Wasa’il al-Shi`a, v. 18, p. 510, no. 5]

6- الإمامُ الصّادقُ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: لا يُقطَعُ الأجيرُ والضَّيفُ إذا سَرَقَ؛ لأنّهُما مُؤتَمَنانِ.
6. Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, 'The employee, or the guest who steals is not liable to have his hand cut because he was in a position of trust.’
[`Ilal al-Sharai`, p. 535, no. 1]

7- الإمامُ الصّادقُ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: لا يُقطَعُ السّارِقُ فيعامِ سَنَةٍ يَعنِي في عامِ مَجاعَةٍ.
7. Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, 'The one who steals in a year of famine is not liable to have his hand cut.’
[al-Kafi, v. 7, p. 231, no. 2]

8- الإمامُ الصّادقُ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: السّارقُ إذا جاءَ مِن قِبَلِ نَفسِهِ تائبا إلى اللّه، ورَدَّ سَرِقَتَهُ عَلى صاحِبِها، فلا قَطعَ علَيهِ.
8. Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, 'The thief who comes and repents of his own accord to Allah, and returns everything that he has stolen back to its owner, is not liable to having his hand cut.’
[TahdhIb al-AÎkAm, v. 10, p. 122, no. 489]
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