Knowledge gives life to the soul - Imam Ali
Nov, 14 20185 Rabi Al Awwal 1440


الوُضوءُ


ABLUTION




الوُضوءُ / Ablution

1ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): الوُضوءُ نِصفُ الإيمانِ.
1– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Ablution is half of faith.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 80, p. 238, no. 12]

2ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مَن أسبَغَ الوُضوءَ في البَردِ الشَّديدِ كانَ لَهُ مِن الأجرِ كِفلانِ، ومَن أسبَغَ الوُضوءَ في الحَرِّ الشَّديدِ كانَ لَهُ أجرُ كِفلٍ.
2– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘He who performs the ablution in the freezing cold weather is given twice the reward, and he who performs the ablution in the extreme heat is given a single share of the reward.’
[Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 26059]


الوُضوءُ


ABLUTION




3ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): إذا تَوَضَّأَ الرّجُلُ المُسلِمُ خَرَجَتْ خَطاياهُ مِن سَمعِهِ وبَصَرِهِ ويَدَيهِ ورِجلَيهِ، فإن قَعَدَ قَعَدَ مَغفوراً لَهُ.
3– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘When the Muslim man performs the ablution, mistakes committed by his hearing, his sight, his hands and his feet leave him so that when he sits, he sits forgiven.’
[Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 26031]

4ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): إذا تَوَضّأَ العَبدُ تَحاطُّ عَنهُ ذُنوبُهُ كما تَحاطُّ وَرَقُ هذهِ الشَّجَرَةِ .
4– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘When the servant performs the ablution, his sins shed away from him just as leaves shed from a tree.’
[Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 26030]

5ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَن أحسَنَ الطَّهورَ ثُمّ مَشى إلَى المَسجِدِ، فهُو في صَلاةٍ ما لَم يُحدِثْ.
5– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘He who performs his ablution as best as he can and then walks to the mosque
[is considered to be] in a state of prayer as long as he does not nullify it.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 80, p. 237, no. 11]

6ـ الإمامُ الباقرُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لاصَلاةَ إلّا بِطَهورٍ.
6– Imam al-Baqir (AS) said, ‘There is no prayer without ablution.’
[al-Faqih, v. 1, p. 58, no. 129]

عِلَّةُ الوُضوءِ / The Reason for Ablution

7ـ الإمامُ الباقرُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إنّما الوُضوءُ حَدٌّ مِن حُدودِ اللّه‏ِ؛ لِيَعلَمَ اللّه‏ُ مَن يُطيعُهُ ومَن يَعصيهِ.
7– Imam al-Baqir (AS) said, ‘Ablution is one of the boundaries of Allah with which He knows who obeys him and who disobeys him.’
[`AeIlal al-Shara’i`a, p. 279, no. 1]

8ـ الإمامُ الرِّضا (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ في عِلَّةِ الوُضوءِ ـ: لأنّهُ يَكونُ العَبدُ طاهِرا إذا قامَ بَينَ يَدَيِ الجَبّارِ عِندَ مُناجاتِهِ إيّاهُ، مُطيعاً لَهُ فيما أمَرَهُ، نَقِيّاً مِن الأدناسِ والنَّجاسَةِ، مَع ما فيهِ مِن ذَهابِ الكَسَلِ وطَردِ النُّعاسِ، وتَزكِيَةِ الفُؤادِ لِلقِيامِ بَينَ يَدَيِ الجَبّارِ.
8– Imam al-Rida (AS), regarding the reason for ablution, said, ‘So that the servant is pure when he stands before the Mighty One when engaged in supplication to Him, being obedient to Him through what He has commanded him, purified of filths and impurities, and also because it does away with laziness and repels drowsiness, and purifies the heart for standing before the Mighty One.’
[`AeIlal al-Shara’i`a, p. 257, no. 9]

آثارُ الوُضوءِ / The Effects of Ablution

9ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): يَحشُرُ اللّه‏ُ عَزَّوجلَّ اُمَّتي يَومَ‏القِيامَةِ بَينَ الاُمَمِ غُرّاً مُحَجَّلِينَ مِن آثارِ الوُضوءِ .
9– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Allah will resurrect my community on the Day of Resurrection among other communities, having white and illuminated faces from the effects of ablution.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 80, p. 237, no. 11]

فَضلُ كَثرَةِ الوُضوءِ / The Virtue of Frequent and Abundant Ablution

10ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): أكثِرْ مِن الطَّهورِ يَزِدِ اللّه‏ُ في عُمرِكَ، وإنِ استَطَعتَ أن تَكونَ بِاللَّيلِ والنَّهارِ على طَهارَةٍ فافعَلْ ؛ فإنَّكَ تَكونُ إذا مُتَّ علَى الطَّهارَةِ شَهيداً.
10– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Perform ablution frequently and Allah will increase your life, and if you are able to be in a state of purity throughout the night and day, then do so, for if you die in the state of purity, you will die a martyr.’
[Amali al-Mufid, p. 60, no. 5]

11ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): الطّاهِرُ النّائمُ كالصّائمِ القائمِ .
11– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘The man sleeping in a state of purity is as the man praying and fasting.’
[Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 25999]

تَجديدُ الوُضوءِ / Renewal of Ablution

12ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مَن تَوَضّأ على طُهرٍ كُتِبَ لَهُ عَشرُ حَسَناتٍ.
12– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘He who performs ablution whilst already in a state of purity is given ten good merits.’
[Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 26042]

13ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَن جَدَّدَ وُضوءَهُ لِغَيرِ حَدَثٍ جَدَّدَ اللّه‏ُ تَوبَتَهُ مِن غَيرِ استِغفارٍ.
13– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘He who renews his ablution without
[the need to do so to purify] an impurity, Allah renews his repentance without him
[needing to] asking for forgiveness.’
[Wasael al-Shi`aah , v. 1, p. 264, no. 7]

14ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): الوُضوءُ علَى الوُضوءِ نُورٌ على نُورٍ.
14– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘Ablution upon ablution is light upon light.’
[Wasael al-Shi`aah , v. 1, p. 265, no. 8]

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