Knowledge gives life to the soul - Imam Ali
Nov, 14 20185 Rabi Al Awwal 1440


الفَسادُ


CORRUPTION




مايُفسِدُ العامَّةَ / That Which Corrupts People in General

1- المَعصِيةُ

1. Sin

1ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): إنّ المَعصيَةَ إذا عَمِلَ بها العَبدُ سِرّاً لم تَضُرَّ إلّا عامِلَها، وإذا عَمِلَ بها عَلانِيَةً ولم يُغَيَّرْ علَيهِ أضَرَّت بالعامَّةِ.
1– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘If a servant
[of Allah] was to secretly sin, he would only harm himself, and if he was to commit it openly and not change, people would be harmed by it.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 100, p. 74, no. 15]

2- الاختِلافُ

2. Dissention

2ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): وأيمُ اللّه‏ِ، ما اختَلَفَت اُمَّةٌ بَعدَ نَبِيِّها إلّا ظَهَرَ باطِلُها علىحَقِّها إلّا ماشاءَاللّه‏ُ.
2– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘By Allah, no sooner does a community dissent after their prophet than falsehood prevails over the truth, save that which Allah wills…’
[Amali al-Mufid, p. 235, no. 5]

3- مَنعُ الحقِّ

3. Preventing the truth


الفَسادُ


CORRUPTION




3ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): لن تُقَدَّسَ اُمّةٌ لايُؤخَذُ للضَّعيفِ فيها حَقُّهُ مِن القَوِيِّ غيرَ مُتَعتَعٍ.
3– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘A community who does not let the weak uphold his rights from the strong without obstacle will never be sanctified.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 77, p. 258, no. 1]

مَن المُفسِدُونَ / Who are the Corruptors?

4ـ رسولُ اللّه‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): صِنفانِ مِن اُمَّتي إذا صَلُحا صَلُحَت اُمَّتي، وإذا فَسَدا فَسَدَت اُمَّتي، قيلَ: يارسولَ اللّه‏ِ، ومَن هُما ؟ قالَ: الفُقَهاءُ والاُمَراءُ .
4– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘There are two kinds of people from my community who if they are sound
[of faith] my community will be sound, and if they are corrupt my community will become corrupt.’ The Prophet was asked, ‘And who are they O messenger of Allah?’ He replied, ‘The jurists and the leaders.’
[al-Khisal, p. 37, no. 12]

5ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مِن الفَسادِ (المَفسَدَةِ) إضاعَةُ الزادِ، ومَفسَدَةُ المَعادِ .
5– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Verily, from corruption comes the loss of sustenance.’
[al-Kafi, v. 8, p. 23, no. 4]

6ـ الإمامُ الرِّضا (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مِن الفَسادِ قَطعُ الدِّرهَمِ والدِّينارِ وطَرحُ النَّوى .
6– Imam al-Rida (AS) said, ‘Of the things that are corruptive are blocking dirhams and dinars
[i.e. blocking their circulation in society through hoarding] and relinquishing one’s determination.’
[al-Faqih, v. 3, p. 167, no. 3625]

ما يَدفَعُ الفَسادَ / That Which Repels Corruption

7ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): لولا عِبادٌ للّه‏ِِ رُكَّعٌ، وصِبيانٌ رُضَّعٌ، وبَهائمُ رُتَّعٌ، لَصُبَّ علَيكُمُ العَذابُ صَبّا .
7– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Were it not for the praying servants of Allah, the young suckling children, and the grazing animals, punishment would pour down on you.’
[Nur al-Thaqalayn, v. 1, p. 353, no. 1007]

8ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لو أنَّ الناسَ حينَ تَنزِلُ بِهِمُ النِّقَمُ، وتَزولُ عَنهُمُ النِّعَمُ، فَزِعُوا إلى رَبِّهم بِصِدقٍ مِن نِيّاتِهِم، وَوَلَهٍ مِن قُلوبِهِم، لَرَدَّ علَيهِم كُلَّ شارِدٍ، وأصلَحَ لَهُم كُلَّ فاسِدٍ.
8– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘If people were to fear and return to their Lord when calamities befall them and blessings are taken away from them, returning with truth in their intentions, and reverence in their hearts, He would return to them every runaway, and correct every corrupt person.’
[Nahj al-Balagha, Sermon 178]

9ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إنَّ اللّه‏َ (لَـ)يَدفَعُ بِمَن يُصَلِّي مِن شيعَتِنا عَمَّن لا يُصَلِّي مِن شِيعَتِنا ولو أجمَعُوا على تَركِ الصلاةِ لَهَلَكُوا، وإنَّ اللّه‏َ لَيَدفَعُ بمَن يُزَكِّي مِن شيعَتِنا عَمَّن لايُزَكِّي ... وهو قولُ اللّه‏ِ عَزَّوجلَّ: «ولَولا دَفعُ اللّه‏ِ الناسَ بَعضَهُم بِبَعضٍ لَفَسَدَتِ الأَرضُ».
9– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘Allah repels
[corruption] from those of our followers who do not pray, with those of our followers who do pray, and if they were to all agree to not pray, they would be destroyed. And verily Allah repels
[corruption] from those of our followers who do not pay the alms-tax with those of our followers who do pay the alms-tax. And this is the purport of Allah’s verse in the Qur’an: “Were it not for Allah's repelling the people by means of one another, the earth would surely have been corrupted.”
[Qur`an 2:251]
[al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 451, no. 1]

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