Knowledge gives life to the soul - Imam Ali
Nov, 14 20185 Rabi Al Awwal 1440


المَوتُ


DEATH




المَوتُ / Death

1ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): إذا ماتَ أحَدُكُم فَقد قامَت قِيامَتُهُ، يَرى ما لَهُ مِن خَيرٍ و شَرٍّ.
1– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘When any of you dies, his Resurrection has started; and he sees what good and bad he has
[accumulated].’
[Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 42123]

2ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مَن ماتَ على شيءٍ بَعثَهُ اللّه‏ُ علَيهِ.
2– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Whoever dies in a certain state, Allah will resurrect him as such.’
[Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 42721]


المَوتُ


DEATH




3ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): بالمَوتِ تُختَمُ الدُّنيا.
3– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘With death the world ends.’
[Nahj al-Balagha, Sermon 156]

4ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): المَوتُ بابُ الآخِرَةِ.
4– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Death is the door to the Hereafter.’
[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 319]

5ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ في قولهِ تعالى: «قُلْ إنّ المَوتَ الّذي تَفِرّونَ مِنهُ فإنّهُ مُلاقِيكُم ...» ـ: تَعُدُّ السِّنينَ، ثُمّ تَعُدُّ الشُّهورَ، ثُمّ تَعُدُّ الأيّامَ، ثُمّ تَعُدُّ السّاعاتِ، ثُمّ تَعُدُّ النّفَسَ «فإذا جاءَ أجَلُهُمْ لا يَسْتَأخِرونَ ساعَةً ولا يَسْتَقدِمونَ».
5– Imam al-Sadiq (AS), with regard to Allah’s verse in the Qur’an: "Say, ‘Indeed the death that you flee will indeed encounter you."
[Qur’an 62"8], said, ‘Years are counted, then months, then days, then hours, then breaths "When their time comes, they shall not defer it by a single hour nor shall they advance it."
[Qur’an 7:34]
[al-Kafi, v. 3, p. 262, no. 44]

6ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إنّ قَوماً أتَوا نَبيّاً فقالُوا: اُدعُ لَنا ربَّكَ يَرفَعْ عنّا المَوتَ، فدَعا لَهُم فَرفَعَ اللّه‏ُ تباركَ وتعالى عنهُمُ المَوتَ، وكَثُروا حتّى ضاقَت بهِمُ المَنازِلُ وكَثُرَ النَّسلُ، وكانَ الرّجُلُ يُصبِحُ فيَحتاجُ أن يُطعِمَ أباهُ واُمَّهُ وجَدَّهُ وجَدَّ جدِّهِ ويُرضِيَهُم ويَتعاهَدَهُم، فشُغِلوا عن طَلَبِ المَعاشِ، فأتَوهُ فقالوا: سَلْ ربَّكَ أن يَرُدَّنا إلى آجالِنا الّتي كُنّا علَيها، فسَألَ ربَّهُ عَزَّوجلَّ فَرَدَّهُم إلى آجالِهِم .
6– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘A group of the people of the past said to their prophet, ‘Pray to your Lord to take death away from us. He did so and Allah took death away from them. They became so many that their houses became crowded and their offspring became too many. A man had to feed his father, mother and grandfather, and his great grandfather, and they had to cleanse and take care of them. They became too occupied to seek a livelihood, so they said, ‘Ask your Lord to return us to our previous state. So, their Prophet asked his Lord and He returned them to their original state.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 14, p. 463, no. 30]

اليَقينُ بِالمَوتِ / Certainty in death

7ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): ما رَأيتُ إيماناً مَع يَقينٍ أشبَهَ مِنهُ بشَكٍّ على هذا الإنسانِ ؛ إنّهُ كُلَّ يَومٍ يُوَدِّعُ إلَى القُبورِ ويُشَيِّعُ، وإلى غُرورِ الدّنيا يَرجِعُ، وعنِ الشَّهوَةِ والذُّنوبِ لا يُقلِعُ، فلَو لَم يَكُن لابنِ آدمَ المِسكينِ ذَنبٌ يَتَوَكَّفُهُ ولاحِسابٌ يَقِفُ علَيهِ إلّا مَوتٌ يُبَدِّدُ شَملَهُ ويُفَرِّقُ جَمعَهُ ويُوتِمُ وُلدَهُ، لَكانَ يَنبَغي لَهُ أن يُحاذِرَ ما هُوَ فيهِ بأشَدِّ النَّصَبِ والتّعَبِ.
7– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘I have never seen faith in a certain decree
[i.e.decree] more resembling than the doubt of the human being. Every day he bids farewell to graves and goes to funeral processions, but he returns to the delusion of the world, and he does not relinquish desires and sins. If the poor son of Adam did not have a single sin to deviate him and no reckoning to contemplate with than death that scatters his union, disunites his congregation, orphans his children then it would be a must for him to be cautious of what he is in with the greatest of exhaustion and hardship.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 6, p. 137, no. 30]

8ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ مِن وَصاياهُ لابنِهِ الحسنِ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ: اعلَمْ يا بُنَيَّ أنَّكَ إنّما خُلِقتَ للآخِرَةِ لا للدُّنيا، وللفَناءِ لا للبَقاءِ، وللمَوتِ لا للحَياةِ، وأ نَّكَ في قُلعَةٍ ودارِ بُلغَةٍ وطَريقٍ إلَى الآخِرَةِ، وأنّكَ طَريدُ المَوتِ الّذي لايَنجو مِنهُ هارِبُهُ، ولا يَفوتُهُ طالِبُهُ، ولابُدَّ أنّهُ مُدرِكُهُ، فكُن مِنهُ على حَذَرٍ أن يُدرِكَكَ وأنتَ على حالٍ سَيِّئةٍ، قد كنتَ تُحَدِّثُ نفسَكَ مِنها بالتَّوبَةِ فيَحولُ بينَكَ وبينَ ذلكَ، فإذا أنتَ قد أهلَكتَ نفسَكَ .
8– Imam Ali (AS), in his will to Imam al-Hasan (AS) said, ‘My son, know that you have been created for the next world and not for this world, and for annihilation and not to stay, for death and not for life; you are in a transient place, a place which is a path to the Hereafter. You are driving away a death from which no one can run away and which none of its seekers can miss. It has to be experienced so beware lest it catches up with you while you are in a bad state. You should avert your self about it through repentance and it will intervene between you and it, instead of letting yourself perish.’
[Nahj al-Balagha, Letter 31]

9ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): أنتُم طُرَداءُ المَوتِ، إن أقَمتُم لَهُ أخَذَكُم، وإن فَرَرتُم مِنهُ أدرَكَكُم، وهُو ألزَمُ لَكُم مِن ظِلِّكُم، المَوتُ مَعقودٌ بنَواصيكُم.
9– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘You are trying to drive death away. If you resist it, it will take you, and if you run from it, it will catch you. It is more stuck to you than your own shadow. Death is attached to your forelocks.’
[Nahj al-Balagha, Letter 37]

10ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): ما خَلقَ اللّه‏ُ يَقيناً لا شَكَّ فيهِ أشبَهَ بشَكٍّ لا يَقينَ فيهِ مِن المَوتِ.
10– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘Allah has not created an assured decree devoid of uncertainty more similar to an unsurity devoid of certainty like death.’
[al-Faqih, v. 1, p. 194, no. 596]

اقتِرابُ الرَّحيلِ / Coming Close to Departing

11ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إذا كُنتَ في إدبارٍ والمَوتُ في إقبالٍ، فما أسرَعَ المُلتَقى!
11– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘If you are retracting backwards and death is drawing forwards, then how quickly will you run into each other.’
[Nahj al-Balagha, Saying 29]

12ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): الرَّحيلُ وَشِيكٌ.
12– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Departure is imminent.’
[Nahj al-Balagha, Saying 187]

13ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لا غائبَ أقرَبُ مِن المَوتِ .
13– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘There is no absent thing closer
[to us] than death.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 71, p. 263, no. 2]

تَفسيرُ المَوتِ / Interpretation of Death

14ـ الإمامُ زينُ العابدينَ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ لمّا سُئلَ عنِ المَوتِ ـ: لِلمؤمنِ كنَزعِ ثِيابٍ وَسِخَةٍ قَمِلَةٍ، وفَكِّ قُيودٍ وأغلالٍ ثَقيلَةٍ، والاستِبدالِ بأفخَرِ الثِّيابِ وأطيَبِها رَوائحَ، وأوطَاَء المَراكِبِ، وآنَسِ المَنازِلِ ؛ وللكافِرِ كخَلعِ ثِيابٍ فاخِرَةٍ، والنَّقلِ عن مَنازِلَ أنيسَةٍ، والاستِبدالِ بأوسَخِ الثِّيابِ وأخشَنِها، وأوحَشِ المَنازِلِ، وأعظَمِ العَذابِ.
14– Imam Zayn al-Abidin (AS), when asked about death said, ‘For a believer, it is like taking off dirty clothes, undoing shackles and heavy chains, and changing into the finest and most scented of clothes. It is the happiest of stations and the most comforting of abodes. As for the infidel, it is like taking off fine clothes, transferring from comfortable abodes, and changing into the dirtiest and roughest of clothes, the most terrifying of stations and the greatest of punishments.’
[Ma`ani al-Akhbar, p. 289, no. 4]

15ـ الإمامُ الكاظمُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ لَمّا دَخَلَ على رجُلٍ قد غَرِقَ في سَكَراتِ المَوتِ ـ: المَوتُ هُو المَصْفاةُ يُصَفّي المؤمنينَ مِن ذُنوبِهِم فيكونُ آخِرُ ألَمٍ يُصيبُهُم كَفّارَةَ آخِرِ وِزرٍ بَقِيَ علَيهِم، ويُصَفّي الكافِرينَ مِن حَسَناتِهِم فيكونُ آخِرَ لَذّةٍ أو راحَةٍ تَلحَقُهُم، وهُو آخِرُ ثَوابِ حسَنَةٍ تكونُ لَهُم ... .
15– Imam al-Kazim (AS), when he visited a person immersed in the pangs of death said, ‘Death is the purifier which purifies the believers from their sins, so it is the last pain that they are struck with as atonement for the last wrongdoing left in them. For the infidels, death strips them of their good deeds, so it is the last pleasure or leisure they will ever experience, and it will be the last reward of a good deed for them …’
[Ma`ani al-Akhbar, p. 289, no. 6]

16ـ الإمام الجوادُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ لمّا سُئل عن المَوتِ ـ: هُو النَّومُ الّذي يأتيكُم كُلَّ ليلَةٍ إلّا أنّهُ طويلٌ مُدَّتُهُ لا يُنتَبَهُ مِنهُ إلّا يَومَ القيامَةِ، فمَن رأى في نَومِهِ من أصنافِ الفَرَحِ ما لا يُقادِرُ قَدرَهُ، ومِن أصنافِ الأهوالِ ما لا يُقادِرُ قَدرَهُ، فكيفَ حالُ فَرِحٍ في النَّومِ ووَجِلٍ فيهِ ؟ هذا هُو المَوتُ، فاستَعِدُّوا لَهُ.
16– Imam al-Jawad (AS), when asked about death said, ‘It is the sleep that comes to you every night, however its period is long and none will wake from it until the Day of Resurrection. So he who sees in his sleep different kinds of happy states whose extent he cannot fathom and different kinds of terrors he cannot fathom, then how will the happiness and the dismay in death be? This is death so prepare for it.’
[Ma`ani al-Akhbar, p. 289, no. 5]

مَوتُ المُؤمِنِ / The Death of a Believer

17ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): المَوتُ رَيحانَةُ المؤمنِ.
17– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Death is the basil of a believer.’
[Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 42136]

18ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): تُحفَةُ المؤمنِ المَوتُ.
18– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘The gift of a believer is death.’
[Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 42110]

19ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ في قولهِ تعالى: «لَهُمُ البُشْرى في الحَياةِ الدُّنيا» ـ: هُو أن يُبَشِّراهُ بالجَنّةِ عِند المَوتِ، يَعني محمّداً وعليّا ’ .
19– Imam al-Sadiq (AS), with regard to Allah’s verse in the Qur’an: "For them is good news in the life of this world"
[Qur’an 10:64], said, ‘It is that these two give them glad tidings of Heaven during their death, meaning Muhammad and Ali (AS).’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 6, p. 191, no. 36]

20ـ الإمامُ الرِّضا (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ في عِيادَةِ رجُلٍ مِن أصحابهِ ـ: كيفَ تَجِدُكَ ؟ قالَ: لَقِيتُ المَوتَ بَعدَكَ ! ـ يُريدُ ما لَقِيَهُ مِن شِدَّةِ مَرَضِهِ ـ فقالَ: كيفَ لَقِيتَهُ ؟ فقالَ: أليما شَديدا، فقالَ: ما لَقِيتَهُ، إنّما لَقِيتَ ما يُنذِرُكَ بهِ ويُعرِّفُكَ بعضَ حالِهِ ... .
20– Imam al-Rida (AS), when visiting one of his sick companions, asked, ‘How are you?’ He replied, ‘I have met death after you!’ referring to the pain he had endured from his intense sickness’, so he said, ‘How did you find it?’ He said, ‘Very painful.’ He (AS) said, ‘You have not met it, you have only met what is warning you of it and it is introducing you to some of its states…’
[Ma`ani al-Akhbar, p. 289, no. 7]

ذِكرُ المَوتِ / Remembrance of Death

21ـ رسولُ اللّه‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): أكثِروا مِن ذِكرِ هادِمِ اللَّذّاتِ، فقيلَ: يا رسولَ اللّه‏ِ، فما هادِمُ اللَّذّاتِ ؟ قالَ: المَوتُ، فإنّ أكيَسَ المؤمنينَ أكثَرُهُم ذِكراً للمَوتِ، وأشَدُّهُم لَهُ استِعداداً.
21– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Increase the remembrance of the demolisher of desires.’ He was asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah, what is the demolisher of desires?’ He said, ‘Death, for the most sagacious of believers are those who remember death the most and are the most prepared for it.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 82, p. 167, no. 3]

22ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): أكثِروا ذِكرَ المَوتِ، فما مِن عَبدٍ أكثَرَ ذِكرَهُ إلّا أحيا اللّه‏ُ قلبَهُ وهَوَّنَ علَيهِ المَوتَ.
22– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Increase your remembrance of death, for any servant who increases its remembrance, Allah will revive his heart and ease death for him.’
[Kanz al- 'Ummal, no. 42105]

23ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ لابنهِ الحسنِ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ: يا بُنيَّ، أكثِرْ مِن ذِكرِ المَوتِ، وذِكرِ ما تَهجُمُ علَيهِ وتُفضي بعدَ المَوتِ إلَيهِ، حتّى يأتيَكَ وقد أخَذتَ مِنهُ حِذرَكَ وشَدَدتَ لَه أزرَكَ، ولا يَأتيَكَ بَغتَةً فيَبهَرَكَ.
23– Imam Ali (AS) said to his son al-Hasan (AS), ‘O son, increase your remembrance of death, of that which overcomes it, and of that which you will return to after death such that when it comes to you, you will have taken heed of it and strengthened yourself for it, and you will not let it overcome you by surprise so that it bewilders you.’
[Nahj al-Balagha, Letter 31]

24ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): ذِكرُ المَوتِ يُميتُ الشَّهَواتِ في النَّفسِ، ويَقلَعُ مَنابِتَ الغَفلَةِ، ويُقَوّي القلبَ بمَواعِدِ اللّه‏ِ، ويُرِقُّ الطَّبعَ، ويَكسِرُ أعلامَ الهَوى ويُطفِئُ نارَ الحِرصِ، ويُحَقِّرُ الدُّنيا.
24– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘The remembrance of death kills the desires in the self and uproots the sources of inattentiveness. It strengthens the heart about Allah’s threats, softens one's attitude, breaks the pillars of inclinations, extinguishes the fire of greed, and it degrades the world.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 6, p. 133, no. 32]

25ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): أكثِروا ذِكرَ المَوتِ ؛ فإنّهُ ما أكثَرَ ذِكرَ المَوتِ إنسانٌ إلّا زَهِدَ في الدُّنيا .
25– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘Increase in the remembrance of death, for no sooner does a person increase his remembrance of death than he abstains from the world.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 82, p. 168, no. 3]

26ـ الإمامُ الهاديُّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): اُذكُرْ مَصرَعَكَ بينَ يَدَي أهلِكَ؛ ولا طَبيبَ يَمنَعُكَ، ولا حَبيبَ يَنفَعُكَ .
26– Imam al-Hadi (AS) said, ‘Remember your death in front of your family; when there will be no doctor to prevent it from you and no beloved to help you.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 78, p. 370, no. 4]

الاستِعدادُ لِلمَوتِ / Preparing for Death

27ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مَنِ ارتَقَبَ المَوتَ سارَعَ في الخَيراتِ .
27– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Whoever anticipates death will hasten to do good deeds.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 77, p. 171, no. 7]

28ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): اِستَعِدّوا للمَوتِ فقد أظَلَّكُم، وكُونوا قَوما صِيحَ بِهِم فانتَبَهوا، وعَلِموا أنّ الدُّنيا لَيسَت لَهُم بدارٍ فاستَبدَلوا ... .
28– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Prepare for death for it overshadows you, and be a group who when it screams at them they awaken, and know that the world is not their abode for they have exchanged it
[for the Hereafter]…’
[Nahj al-Balagha, Sermon 64]

29ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إنّ أمرا لاتَعلَمُ مَتى يَفجَؤُكَ يَنبَغي أنْ تَستَعِدَّ لَهُ قبلَ أن يَغشاكَ .
29– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘When there is something that you do not know when it will take you by surprise, then you must prepare yourself for it before it covers you over.’
[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 3468]

30ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): عَجِبتُ لمَن يَرى أنّهُ يُنقَصُ كلَّ يَومٍ في نفسِهِ وعُمرِهِ وهُو لا يَتَأهَّبُ للمَوتِ!
30– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘I am surprised at the one who sees that his lifespan and his breaths are decreasing every day but still does not fear death.’
[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 6253]

31ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): بادِروا المَوتَ وغَمَراتِهِ، وامهَدوا لَهُ قبلَ حُلُولِهِ، وأعِدُّوا لَهُ قبلَ نُزولِهِ.
31– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Get ready for death and its difficulties, plan for it before it comes, and prepare for it before it descends.’
[Nahj al-Balagha, Saying 190]

32ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): ما أنزَلَ المَوتَ حَقَّ مَنزِلَتِهِ مَن عَدَّ غَدا مِن أجَلِهِ.
32– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Death will not descend its true descent unto he who prepares for his demise
[as if it was] tomorrow.’
[al-Kafi, v. 3, p. 259, no. 30]

33ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ لمّا سُئلَ عنِ الاستِعدادِ للمَوتِ ـ: أداءُ الفَرائضِ، واجتِنابُ المَحارِمِ، والاشتِمالُ علَى المَكارِمِ، ثُمّ لايُبالي أوَقَعَ علَى المَوتِ أم وَقَعَ المَوتُ علَيهِ . واللّه‏ِ، مايُبالي ابنُ أبي طالبٍ أوَقَعَ علَى المَوتِ أم وَقَعَ المَوتُ علَيهِ.
33– Imam Ali (AS), when asked about preparing for death, said, ‘
[It is to] Fulfil obligations, refrain from the forbidden and adopt good moral traits, and then to not care whether one should fall onto death or death should fall onto him. By Allah, the son of Abu Talib is not concerned whether he falls onto death or death falls onto him.’
[Amali al-Saduq, p. 97, no. 8]

تَمَنِّي المَوتِ / Wishing for Death

34ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): لا يَتَمنّى أحَدُكُمُ المَوتَ لِضُرٍّ نَزَلَ بهِ، فإن كانَ ولابُدَّ فاعِلاً فلْيَقُل: اللّهُمّ أحيِني ما كانَتِ الحَياةُ خَيرا لي، وتَوَفَّني إذا كانَتِ الوَفاةُ خَيرا لي.
34– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘None of you should pray for death if harm afflicts him, rather he should say, ‘O Allah, keep me alive as long as life is good for me, and take me away when death is better for me.’
[Sunan Abi Dawud, no. 3108]

35ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): لايَتَمنّى أحَدُكُمُ المَوتَ إلّا أن يَثِقَ بِعَملِهِ .
35– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘None of you should wish for death unless they have trust in
[the goodness of] their actions.’
[Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 42153]

36ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ لِلحارثِ الهَمْدانيِّ ـ: وأكثِرْ ذِكرَ المَوتِ وما بعدَ المَوتِ، ولا تَتَمَنَّ المَوتَ إلّا بشَرطٍ وَثيقٍ .
36– Imam Ali (AS) said to Harith al-Hamdani, ‘Increase the remembrance of death and what comes after death, and do not wish for death without
[having fulfilled] the strong condition.’
[Nahj al-Balagha, Letter 69]

37ـ الإمامُ الكاظمُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ لِرجُلٍ يَتَمَنّى المَوتَ ـ: هل بينَكَ وبينَ اللّه‏ِ قَرابَةٌ يُحابيكَ لَها ؟ قالَ: لا . قالَ: فهَل لكَ حَسَناتٌ قَدَّمتَها تَزيدُ على سَيّئاتِكَ؟ قالَ: لا . قالَ: فأنتَ إذا تَتَمنّى هَلاكَ الأبَدِ!
37– Imam al-Kazim (AS), said to a man who wished to die, ‘Is there a kinship between you and Allah as a result of which He will be partial to you in it
[i.e. death]?’ He said, ‘No.’ The Imam then asked, ‘So, do you have good deeds that you have done that exceed your bad deeds?’ He said, ‘No.’ The Imam said, ‘Therefore, you are wishing for the ultimate ruin!’
[Kashf al-Ghamma, v. 3, p. 42]

سَكرَةُ المَوتِ / The Agony of Death

38ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): اِحضَروا مَوتاكُم ولَقِّنوهُم «لا إلهَ إلّا اللّه‏ُ» وبَشِّروهُم بالجَنَّةِ، فإنّ الحَليمَ مِن الرِّجالِ والنِّساءِ يَتَحَيّرُ عندَ ذلكَ المَصرَعِ، وإنّ الشّيطانَ أقرَبُ ما يكونُ مِن ابنِ آدمَ عندَ ذلكَ المَصرَعِ . والّذي نَفسي بيَدِهِ ! لَمُعايَنةُ مَلَكِ المَوتِ أشَدُّ مِن ألفِ ضَربَةٍ بالسَّيفِ . والّذي نَفسي بيَدِهِ ! لا تَخرُجُ نَفسُ عَبدٍ مِن الدّنيا حتّى يَتَألَّمَ كُلُّ عِرقٍ مِنهُ على حِيالهِ.
38– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Attend to the people who are about to die and dictate to them
[the phrase]: La ilaha illallah (There is no god but Allah), and give them glad tidings of Heaven, for even the most forbearant of men and women become perplexed at that instant, and Satan comes as close as he can get to the children of Adam in that state. By He who owns my soul! Seeing the angel of death is more severe than being hit one thousand times by a sword. By He who owns my soul! The soul of a servant will not exit from the world until every vein in him feels pain.’
[Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 42158]

39ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): لو أنّ البَهائمَ يَعلَمْنَ مِن المَوتِ ما تَعلَمونَ أنتُم، ما أكَلتُم مِنها سَميناً!
39– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘If the animals knew about death what you know, you would never be able to eat the fat of them
[due to their abstinence from the world].’
[Amali al-Saduq, p. 453, no. 1011]

40ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إنّ للمَوتِ لَغَمَراتٍ هِيَ أفظَعُ مِن أن تُستَغرَقَ بصِفَةٍ، أو تَعتَدِلَ على عُقولِ أهلِ الدّنيا.
40– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Death has difficulties that are more terrible than can ever be described or be comprehended by the intellects of the people of the world.’
[Nahj al-Balagha, Saying 221]

عِلَّةُ كَراهَةِ المَوتِ / The Reason for
[Man’s] Despisal of Death

41ـ الإمامُ الباقرُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): أتى النَّبيَّ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) رَجُلٌ فقالَ: ماليَ لا اُحِبُّ المَوتَ؟ فقالَ لهُ: ألكَ مالٌ ؟ قالَ: نَعَم . قالَ: فقَدَّمتَهُ ؟ قالَ: لا، قالَ: فمِن ثَمّ لا تُحِبُّ المَوتَ.
41– The Prophet (SAWA) said to a person who asked him about the reason for
[man’s] despisal of death, ‘Do you have wealth?’ He said, ‘Yes.’ The Prophet said, ‘And have you given it away
[before death should overtake you]?’ He said, ‘No.’ The Prophet said, ‘This is why you do not like death.’
[al-Khisal, p. 13, no. 47]

42ـ الإمامُ الحسنُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ لَمّا قالَ لَهُ رجُلٌ: ما بالُنا نكرَهُ الموتَ ولا نُحبُّهُ؟ ـ: لاِءنّكُم أخرَبتُم آخِرَتَكُم، وعَمّرتُم دُنياكُم، وأنتُم تَكرَهونَ النُّقلَةَ مِن العُمرانِ إلَى الخَرابِ .
42– Imam al-Hasan (AS), in answer to a person about the reason for hating death, said, ‘Because you have wrecked your Hereafter and built your world, and you hate to move from a constructed place to a demolished place.’
[Ma`ani al-Akhbar, p. 390, no. 29]

تَمثُّلُ النَّبِيِّ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) وَالأئِمَّةِ (عَلَيهمُ الّسَلامُ) لِلمُحتَضَرِ / The Appearance of the Prophet and the Imams to a Dying Person

43ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَن أحَبَّني وجَدَني عندَ مَماتِهِ بحَيثُ يُحِبُّ، ومَن أبغَضَني وجَدَني عندَ مَماتِهِ بحَيثُ يَكرَهُ.
43– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Whoever loves me will find me when they die as they loved me, and whoever hates me will see me when they die as they hated me.’
[Sahifa al-Imam al-Ridha (AS), p. 86, no. 203]

44ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ لمّا سُئلَ: هل يُكرَهُ المؤمنُ على قَبضِ رُوحِهِ ؟ ـ: لا واللّه‏ِ، إنّهُ إذا أتاهُ ملَكُ المَوتِ لقَبضِ رُوحهِ جَزِعَ عِندَ ذلكَ، فيَقولُ لَهُ ملَكُ المَوتِ: يا وَليَّ اللّه‏ِ لا تَجزَعْ، فوالّذي بَعَثَ محمّداً (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) لِأنا أبَرُّ بِكَ وأشفَقُ علَيكَ من والِدٍ رَحيمٍ لو حَضَرَكَ، افتَحْ عَينَكَ فانظُرْ. قالَ: ويُمَثَّلُ لَهُ رسولُ اللّه‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) وأميرُ المؤمنينَ وفاطمةُ والحسنُ والحسينُ والأئمةُ من ذُرِّيتِهِم (عَلَيهمُ الّسَلامُ) فيقالُ لَهُ: هذا رسولُ اللّه‏ِ و ... رُفَقاؤكَ ... فما شيءٌ أحَبَّ إلَيهِ مِنِ استِلالِ رُوحِهِ واللُّحوقِ بالمُنادي.
44– Imam al-Sadiq (AS), when asked, ‘Does a believer hate it when his soul is being taken?’, said, ‘By Allah no, when the angel of death comes to him to take his soul he will be anguished and the angel of death will say, ‘O friend of Allah, do not worry, because by He who sent Muhammad (SAWA) I am more compassionate and caring for you than a merciful father if he was to be with you. Open your eyes and see.’ He said, ‘And the Messenger of Allah, the Commander of the Faithful, Fatima, Hasan and Husayn and the Imams after him will all appear and it will be said to him, ‘This is the Messenger of Allah and….your friends…and there will be nothing more beloved to this person than for his soul to leave and meet the caller.’
[al-Kafi, v. 3, p. 127, no. 2]

45ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): ما يَموتُ مُوالٍ لَنا مُبغِضٌ لأعدائنا إلّا ويَحضُرُهُ رسولُ‏اللّه‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) وأميرُالمؤمنينَ والحسنُ والحسينُ (عَلَيهمُ الّسَلامُ) فَيَسُرُّوهُ ويُبَشِّروهُ، وإن كانَ غيرَ مُوالٍ لَنا يَراهُم بحَيثُ يَسوؤهُ. والدّليلُ على ذلكَ قَولُ أميرِ المؤمنينَ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) لحارثِ الهَمْدانيِّ:
يا حارَ هَمْدانَ مَن يَمُتْ يَرَني
مِن مؤمنٍ أو مُنافِقٍ قُبُلاً.
45– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘Every person who is dying and is a follower of us and hates our enemies will be visited by the Messenger of Allah (SAWA), the Commander of the Faithful, Hasan and Husayn, and they will make him happy, and give him glad tidings. But if he is not a follower of ours, he will see them according to how bad he had been.’ The proof of this is the saying of the Commander of the Faithful (AS) to Harith al-Hamdani:
‘O Har Hamdan, whoever dies will see me,
Both believer and hypocrite alike.’
[Tafsir al-Qummi, v. 2, p. 265]

مَوتُ الفُجأةِ / Sudden Death

46ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): إنّ مَوتَ الفُجأةِ تَخفيفٌ عنِ المؤمنِ، وأخذَةُ أسَفٍ عنِ الكافِرِ.
46– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Sudden death is ease for the believer and a regretful overtaking for the disbeliever.
[ al-Kafi, v. 3, p. 112, no. 5]

47ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مَوتُ الفُجأةِ تَخفيفٌ علَى المؤمنينَ، ومَسخَطَةٌ علَى الكافِرينَ .
47– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Sudden death is ease for the believers and a source of anger for the disbelievers.’
[Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 42775]

48ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مِن أشراطِ السّاعَةِ أن يَفشوَ الفالَجُ ومَوتُ الفُجأةِ .
48– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Among the portents of the Hour are the spread of semiparalysis and sudden death.’
[al-Kafi, v. 3, p. 261, no. 39]

تَشييعُ الجَنازَةِ / Attending Funeral Processions

49ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): سِرْ سَنتَينِ بِرَّ والِدَيكَ، سِرْ سَنةً صِلْ رَحِمَكَ، سِرْ مِيلاً عُدْ مَريضا، سِرْ مِيلَينِ شَيِّعْ جَنازَةً.
49– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Travel
[i.e. walk] two years to do good to your parents, travel one year to reconcile with your kin, travel a mile to visit a sick person, and travel two miles to attend a funeral procession.’
[Nawadir al-Rawandi, p. 5]

50ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): علَيكُم بالسَّكِينَةِ، علَيكُم بالقَصدِ في المَشيِ بجَنائزِكُم.
50– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘You must walk quietly, and in deliberation when walking in your funeral processions.’
[Amali al-Saduq, p. 383, no. 827]

51ـ كانَ رسولُ اللّه‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) إذا تَبِعَ جَنازَةً غَلَبَتهُ كآبَةٌ، وأكثَرَ حَديثَ النَّفسِ، وأقَلَّ الكلامَ.
51– It is narrated in al-Da`aawat: When the Prophet (SAWA) followed a funeral procession, grief would overcome him and he would increase in speaking to his own self, and lessen his talking.
[ al-Da`aawat, p. 259, no. 736]

52ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): أوّلُ ما يُتحَفُ بهِ المؤمنُ يُغفَرُ لِمَن تَبِعَ جَنازتَهُ.
52– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘The first gift that a believer is able to bestow
[others after his death] is that those who follow his funeral procession are forgiven.’
[al-Kafi, v. 3, p. 173, no. 3]

53ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): يَنبَغي لأولياءِ المَيّتِ أن يُؤْذِنوا إخوانَ المَيّتِ بمَوتهِ، فيَشهَدونَ جَنازَتَهُ ويُصَلُّونَ علَيهِ، فيُكسِبُ لَهُمُ الأجرَ ويُكسِبُ لِمَيّتهِ الاستِغفارَ .
53– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘It is a must for the guardians of the corpse to inform the brothers of the deceased person of his death so that they can attend his funeral and perform the prayers for him, so that they may be rewarded on account of him and the deceased person will be forgiven.’
[`AIlal al-Sharai`a, p. 301, no. 1]

دفنُ المَيِّتِ / Burial

54ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): إذا ماتَ المَيِّتُ أوّلَ النَّهارِ فلا يَقيلُ إلّا في قَبرِهِ .
54– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘If a person dies at the beginning of the day then he should not spend that night anywhere other than in his grave.’
[al-Kafi, v. 3, p. 138, no. 2]

55ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): لاتَدفِنوا مَوتاكُم باللّيلِ إلّا أن تَضطَرُّوا .
55– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Do not bury your dead in the night unless you are compelled to.’
[Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 42385]

56ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): إنّ أرحَمَ ما يَكونُ اللّه‏ُ بالعَبدِ إذا وُضِعَ في حُفرَتِهِ .
56– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘The most merciful Allah is towards His servant is when he is put in the hole of his grave.’
[Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 42386]

57ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): أمَرَنا رسولُ اللّه‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) أن نَدفِنَ مَوتانا وَسطَ قَومٍ صالِحينَ ؛ فإنّ المَوتى يَتأذّونَ بجارِ السَّوءِ كما يَتأذّى بهِ الأحياءُ .
57– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘The Messenger of Allah (SAWA) ordered us to bury our dead in the midst of righteous people, for the dead are hurt by evil neighbours in the same way that living people are.’
[Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 42916]

ما يَتبَعُ الإنسانَ بَعدَ المَوتِ / What Follows a Person after his Death

58ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): يَتبَعُ المَيّتَ ثلاثةٌ: أهلُهُ ومالُهُ وعمَلُهُ، فيَرجِعُ اثنانِ ويَبقى واحِدٌ ؛ يَرجِعُ أهلُهُ ومالُهُ، ويَبقى عَمَلُهُ.
58– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Three things follow a dead person: his family, his wealth and his actions. Two go back and one stays: his family and wealth go back and his actions stay
[with him].’
[Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 42761]

59ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): سِتّةٌ يَلحَقنَ المؤمنَ بعدَ وَفاتِهِ: ولدٌ يَستَغفِرُ لَهُ، ومصحَفٌ يُخَلِّفُهُ، وغَرسٌ يَغرِسُهُ، وصَدَقَةُ ماءٍ يُجريهِ، وقَليبٌ يَحفِرُهُ، وسُنّةٌ يُؤخَذُ بها مِن بَعدِهِ.
59– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘Six things benefit a person after he passes away: a child who seeks forgiveness for him, a copy of the Qur’an which he leaves behind, a plant that he planted, water that he donated in charity, a well that he had dug, and a tradition that others take from him and
[practise] after him.’
[al-Faqih, v. 1, p. 185, no. 555]

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