Knowledge gives life to the soul - Imam Ali
Jul, 19 20186 Dhu Al Qadah 1439


الوَسوَسَةُ


DEVILISH MISGIVINGS




الوَسوَسَةُ فِي العَقائِدِ / Misgivings in Matters of Belief

1ـ عن ابن‏مسعودٍ: سألنا رسولَ اللّه‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) عنِ الرّجُلِ يَجِدُ الشّيءَ لَو خَرَّ مِن السّماءِ فتَخطَفُهُ الطَّيرُ كانَ أحَبَّ إلَيهِ مِن أن يَتَكلَّمَ بهِ، قالَ: ذاكَ مَحضُ الإيمانِ، أو صَريحُ الإيمانِ.
1– The Prophet (SAWA) – when asked about a man who sees something falling from the sky, which a bird snatches, and that he preferred not to talk about it, said, ‘That is genuine faith or true faith.’
[Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 1709]

2ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): تَجاوَزَ اللّه‏ُ لاُمَّتي عَمّا حَدَّثَت بهِ أنفُسَها مالَم تَنطِقْ بهِ أو تَعمَلْ.
2– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Allah overlooks for the people of my community whatever their selves say to them
[of misgivings] as long as they neither utter it nor perform it.’
[Tanbih al-Khawatir, v. 2, p. 120]

التَّحذيرُ مِنَ الوَسوَسَةِ فِي الوُضوءِ وَالصَّلاةِ / Caution against Misgivings in Ablution and Prayers


الوَسوَسَةُ


DEVILISH MISGIVINGS




3ـ عن عبدِ اللّه‏ِ بن سنان: ذكرتُ لأبي عبدِاللّه‏ِ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) رجُلاً مُبتَلىً بِالوُضوءِ والصَّلاةِ، وقلتُ: هو رجُلٌ عاقِلٌ، فقالَ أبو عبدِ اللّه‏ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): وأيُّ عَقلٍ لَهُ وهُو يُطيعُ الشَّيطانَ ؟ !
فقلتُ لَهُ: وكيفَ يُطيعُ الشَّيطانَ ؟ فقالَ: سَلهُ هذا الّذي يَأتِيهِ مِن أيِّ شَيءٍ هُو؟ فإنّهُ يَقولُ لَكُ: مِن عَمَلِ الشَّيطانِ.
3– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) – when `Aabdullah b. Sinan mentioned a man troubled in his ablution and his prayers, and announced that he was a sane man, said, ‘What kind of mind does he have if he is obeying Satan?!’
[He said] So I said to him, ‘And how is he obeying Satan?’ So he said, ‘Ask him this
[misgiving] that he has, where does it come from?’ And he shall say to you, ‘It is an act of Satan.’
[al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 463, no. 2]

4ـ عن زرارة وأبي بصير: قلنا لَه: الرَّجُلُ يشُكّ كثيراً في صلاتِهِ حتّى لا يدري كم صلّي ولا ما بَقِيَ علَيهِ قالَ: يُعيدُ، قُلنا لَهُ: فإنّهُ يَكثُرُ علَيهِ ذلكَ كُلّما عادَ شَكَّ ؟ قالَ: يَمضي في شَكِّهِ .
ثُمّ قالَ: لاتُعَوِّدوا الخَبيثَ مِن أنفُسِكُم بِنَقضِ الصَّلاةِ فتُطمِعوهُ ؛ فإنَّ الشَّيطانَ خَبيثٌ يَعتادُ لِما عُوِّدَ، فلْيَمضِ أحَدُكُم في الوَهمِ، ولا يُكثِرَنَّ نَقضَ الصَّلاةِ، فإنّهُ إذا فَعَلَ ذلكَ مَرّاتٍ لَم يَعُدْ إلَيهِ الشَّكُّ .
قالَ زُرارَةُ: ثُمّ قالَ: إنّما يُريدُ الخَبيثُ أن يُطاعَ، فإذا عُصِيَ لَم يَعُدْ إلى أحَدِكُم.
4– Imam al-Sadiq (AS), was asked about the extent of doubt that a particular man was having as to how many untis of prayer he had performed, such that he neither knew how many he had performed, nor how many he had left. He replied, ‘He should repeat it’. So we asked him, ‘But this state is so excessive in him that everytime he repeats
[his prayer] he doubts again.’ He said, ‘Then he should continue regardless of his doubt.’ Then he said, ‘Do not accustom the malignant
[part] of yourselves to the breaking of the prayer lest you arouse further greed in it, for verily Satan is malignant and gets habituated to whatever he is made accustomed to. So you should ignore that insinuation
[and continue], and you should not break your prayers often, and if you do this
[i.e. ignore the doubt] often enough, the doubt will not resurface.’ Zurara narrated: Then he (AS) said, ‘Verily the malignant wants to be obeyed, so when it is disobeyed, it does not return to you.’
[al-Kafi, v. 1, p. 12, no. 10]

عِلاجُ الوَسواسِ / The Treatment of Devilish Misgivings

5ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): صَومُ ثَلاثَةِ أيّامٍ مِن كُلِّ شَهرٍ ـ أربَعاءُ بَينَ خَميسَينِ ـ وصَومُ شَعبانَ يَذهَبُ بوَسواسِ الصَّدرِ، وبَلابِلِ القَلبِ.
5– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Fasting for three days of every month – a Wednesday between two Thursdays, and fasting in the month of Sha`aban, removes the misgivings in the breasts and the confusions of the heart.’
[al-Khisal, p. 612, no. 10]

6ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): ذِكرُنا أهلَ البَيتِ شِفاءٌ مِن الوَعكِ والأسقامِ ووَسواسِ الرّيبِ.
6– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Remembrance of us, the ahl al-bayt is a cure from indisposition, ailments and misgivings of doubt.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 81, p. 203, no. 5]

7ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ وقد سُئلَ عَنِ الوَسوَسَةِ وإن كَثُرَت ـ: لا شيءَ فيها، تقولُ: لاإلهَ إلّا اللّه‏ُ.
7– Imam al-Sadiq (AS), when asked about
[devilish] misgivings, and if they happen often, said, ‘They are insignificant. Just say: ‘There is no God but Allah (la ilaha illa Allah).’
[al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 424, no. 1]

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