Knowledge gives life to the soul - Imam Ali
Jul, 19 20186 Dhu Al Qadah 1439


المُصيبَة


AFFLICTION




أجرُ المَصائِبِ / The Reward for (Enduring an) Affliction

1ـ الإمامُ الحسنُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): المَصائبُ مَفاتيحُ الأجرِ.
1– Imam al-Hasan (AS) said, ‘Afflictions are the keys to reward.’


المُصيبَة


AFFLICTION




3ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): أعظَمُ المَصائبِ والشَّقاءِ الوَلَهُ بِالدُّنيا.
3– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘The greatest affliction and source of wretchedness is infatuation with this world.’

4ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): أعظَمُ المَصائبِ الجَهلُ.
4– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘The greatest affliction is ignorance.’

5ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ لِرَجُلٍ قدِ اشتَدَّ جَزَعُهُ على وَلَدِهِ ـ: يا هذا جَزِعتَ لِلمُصيبَةِ الصُّغرى، وغَفَلتَ عنِ المُصيبَةِ الكُبرى! ولو كنتَ لِما صارَ إليه وَلَدُكَ مُستَعِدّاً لَما اشـتَدَّ علَيه جَزَعُكَ، فَمُصابُكَ بتَركِكَ الاستِعدادَ لَهُ أعظَمُ مِن مُصابِكَ بوَلَدِكَ .
5– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said to a man who was experiencing intense grief at the loss of his son, ‘You are grieving at the minor affliction and are heedless of the major affliction! If only you prepared yourself for the place that your son has passed away to, your grief would not be so intense, for your affliction at having neglected preparation for it
[i.e. the Hereafter] is much greater than the loss of your son.’
[`Uyoun Akhbar al-Ridha (AS), v. 2, p. 5, no. 10]

الاستِرجاعُ عِندَ المُصيبَةِ / To Say “Indeed we belong to Allah and to Him do we indeed return” when Struck with an Affliction

6ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَن اُلهِمَ الاستِرجاعَ عندَ المُصيبَةِ وَجَبَت لَهُ الجَنَّةُ.
6– He who is inspired to utter the words, ‘Indeed we belong to Allah, and to Him do we indeed return’ during an affliction, his entrance into Paradise is made obligatory.’
[Thawab al-A`amal, p. 235, no. 2]

أدَبُ المُصابِ / The Etiquette of Dealing with an Affliction

7ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): النِّياحَةُ عملُ الجاهِليَّةِ.
7– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Wailing is an act from the pre-Islamic age of ignorance.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 82, p. 103, no. 50]

8ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مِن كُنُوزِ البِرِّ: كِتمانُ المَصائب والأمراضِ والصَّدَقةِ.
8– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Among the hidden treasures of goodness are: concealing one’s afflictions, one’s illnesses and one’s charity
[from others].’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 82, p. 103, no. 50]

9ـ عن عائشة: لَمّا ماتَ إبراهيمُ بَكَى النبيُّ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) حتّى جَرَت دُموعُهُ على لِحيَتِهِ، فقيلَ لَهُ: يا رسولَ اللّه‏ِ، تَنهى عنِ البُكاءِ وأنتَ تَبكي ؟! فقالَ: ليسَ هذا بُكاءً، وإنّما هذهِ رَحمَةٌ، ومَن لا يَرحَمْ لا يُرحَمْ .
9– `Aa’isha narrated, ‘When Ibrahim
[the Prophet’s son] passed away, the Prophet (SAWA) cried such that tears rolled onto his beard, so people said to him, ‘O Prophet of Allah, you dissuade people from crying and here you are now crying?!’ to which he replied, ‘This is not crying, it is compassion, for he who does not have compassion
[for others] will not be treated with compassion
[by Allah].’
[Amali al-Tusi, p. 388, no. 227]

10ـ عن أبي هريرة: ماتَ مَيِّتٌ مِن آلِ رسولِ اللّه‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) فاجتَمَعَ النِّساءُ يَبكِينَ علَيهِ فقامَ عمرُ يَنهاهُنَّ ويَطرُدُهُنَّ، فقالَ رسولُ اللّه‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): دَعهُنَّ يا عمرُ، فإنّ العَينَ دامِعةٌ والقَلبَ مُصابٌ والعَهدَ قريبٌ .
10– Abu Hurayra narrated, ‘A man from the family of the Prophet (SAWA) had passed away and the women were gathered around crying for him when `Aumar stood up and prohibited them from doing so, and told them to go away from there. The Prophet (SAWA) then said, ‘Leave them O `Aumar, for verily the eye feels teary
[at the moment], the heart is afflicted and the pain of the incident is still fresh.’
[Sunan al-Nasai, p. 4, no. 19]

11ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) عن رسولِ اللّه‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): صَوتانِ مَلعونانِ يُبغِضُهُما اللّه‏ُ: إعوالٌ عندَ مُصيبَةٍ، وصَوتٌ عندَ نِعمَةٍ ؛ يَعنِي النَّوحَ والغِناءَ .
11– Imam Ali (AS) narrated on the authority of the Prophet (SAWA), ‘Two voices are cursed and despised by Allah: howling when struck by an affliction, and singing when blessed with a bounty.’
[Da`aim al-Islam, v. 1, p. 227]

ما يُهَوِّنُ المَصائِبَ / Factors that Ease Afflictions

12ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مَن زَهِدَ في الدنيا هانَت علَيهِ المُصيباتُ.
12– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Afflictions are easy for one who is abstemious in this world.’
[Kanz al-Fawa’id li al-Karajiki, v. 2, p. 163]

13ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مَن عَظُمَت عِندَهُ مُصيبَةٌ فَليَذكُرْ مُصيبَتَهُ بي؛ فإنّها سَتَهُونُ علَيهِ.
13– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘He who finds an affliction too great to bear should think about
[the greatness of his affliction resulting from] my passing away from this world, and his own affliction will become easier to bear.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 82, p. 84, no. 26]

14ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): أكثِرُوا ذِكرَ المَوتِ، ويومَ خُروجِكُم مِن القُبورِ، وقِيامِكُم بَينَ يَدَيِ اللّه‏ِ عَزَّوجلَّ، تَهُونُ علَيكُمُ المَصائبُ.
14– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Increase your remembrance of death, the day that you will rise from your graves, and your standing before Allah, Mighty and Exalted, and your afflictions will become easier to bear.’
[al-Khisal, p. 616, no. 10]

15ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ إنّهُ كانَ يقولُ عندَ المُصيبَةِ ـ: الحَمدُ للّه‏ِِ الذي لَم يَجعَلْ مُصِيبَتي في دِيني، والحَمدُ للّه‏ِِ الذي لو شاءَ أن تكونَ مُصيبَتي أعظَمَ مِمّا كانت (كانَت)، والحَمدُ للّه‏ِِ على الأمرِ الذي شاءَ أن يكونَ وكانَ.
15– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) used to say the following when faced with an affliction, ‘All praise is due to Allah, Who did not afflict me in my faith, and all praise is due to Allah Who, if He had willed for my affliction to be greater than it is could have made it so, and all praise is due to Allah for the command that He willed to be and it is.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 78, p. 268, no. 183]

16ـ رسولُ اللهِ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إنّ المَيِّتَ إذا ماتَ بَعَثَ اللّه‏ُ مَلَكاً إلى أوجَعِ أهلِهِ، فَمَسَحَ على قَلبِهِ فَأنساهُ لَوعَةَ الحُزنِ، ولولا ذلكَ لَم تَعمُرِ الدنيا .
16– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘Verily when someone dies, Allah sends an angel to the most grieved member of his family, who strokes his heart and makes him forget the agony of grief, and if it were not for this, the world would never again thrive.’
[al-Kafi, v. 3, p. 227, no. 1]

الشَماتَةُ بِالمُصابِ / Gloating at Another’s Affliction

17ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَن شَمِتَ بمُصيبَةٍ نَزَلَت بأخِيهِ لَم يَخرُجْ مِن الدنيا حتّى يُفتَتَنَ .
17– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘Whoever gloats over an affliction that has befallen his fellow brother does not leave this world until he is tried similarly.’
[al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 359, no. 1]

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