Knowledge gives life to the soul - Imam Ali
Nov, 15 20186 Rabi Al Awwal 1440


التَّقليدُ


EMULATION (taqlid)




التَّقليدُ المَذمومُ / Disparaged Emulation

1ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ في قولِهِ تعالى: «اتَّخَذُوا أحْبارَهُم ورُهْبانَهُم أرباباً مِن دُونِ اللّه‏ِ» ـ: واللّه‏ِ ما صَلَّوا لَهُم ولا صامُوا، ولكنَّهُم أحَلُّوا لَهُم حَراماً، وحَرَّموا علَيهِم حَلالاً فاتَّبَعُوهُم.
1– Imam al-Sadiq (AS), speaking to one of his companions said, ‘Do not be opportunists saying, ‘I am with the people and I am one of the people!’
[Ma`aani al-Akhbar, p. 266, no. 1]

2ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ لِرجُلٍ مِن أصحابِهِ ـ: لا تَكونَنَّ إمَّعةً، تقولُ: أنا مَع الناسِ وأنا كَواحِدٍ مِن الناسِ!
2– Imam al-Sadiq (AS), with regard to Allah’s verse in the Qur’an: “They have taken their scribes and their monks as lords besides Allah”
[Qur’an 9:31], said, ‘By Allah, they did not pray to them nor did they fast, rather they permitted for them the prohibited and prohibited the permitted and people followed them.’
[al-Mahasin, v. 1, p. 383, no. 847]

مَن يَجوزُ تَقليدُهُ / Those who are permitted to be emulated


التَّقليدُ


EMULATION (taqlid)




3- فَأمّا مَن كانَ مِن الفُقَهاءِ صائنا لنفسِهِ حافِظاً لِدينِهِ مُخالِفاً على هَواهُ مُطِيعاً لأمرِ مَولاهُ، فلِلعَوامِّ أن يُقَلِّدُوهُ، وذلكَ لا يكونُ إلّا بَعضَ فُقَهاءِ الشِّيعَةِ لا جَميعَهُم.
3– Imam Hasan al-`Aaskari (AS), after condemning the common Jews imitating their corrupt scholars, said, ‘Whoever from our common people follow the likes of these jurists are like the Jews who were criticized by Allah for their imitation of their corrupt jurists. So, whoever from among the jurists safeguards himself, is protective of his religion, opposes his temptations, is obedient to his Master’s commands, then the common people must emulate him, and this is only
[applicable to] some of the shi`aa jurists, not all of them.’
[al-Ihtijaj, v. 2, p. 510, no. 337]

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